Learn More
BACKGROUND Because acute liver failure is rare, related data have been sparse. Studies have suggested that viral hepatitis is the most common underlying cause of this condition. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, presumed causes, and short-term outcomes of acute liver failure. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING 17 tertiary care centers(More)
It is not well understood whether posttransplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLTx) alters postoperative morbidity. This study was designed to evaluate this question. All adult patients who received an OLTx between July 1985 and March 1993 (n = 497) were evaluated by retrospective chart review for evidence of PTDM(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antidote for acetaminophen poisoning, might benefit patients with non-acetaminophen-related acute liver failure. METHODS In a prospective, double-blind trial, acute liver failure patients without clinical or historical evidence of acetaminophen overdose were stratified by site and coma grade and assigned(More)
Little information is available on acute liver failure (ALF) in the United States. We gathered demographic data retrospectively for a 2-year period from July 1994 to June 1996 on all cases of ALF from 13 hospitals (12 liver transplant centers). Data on the patients included age, hepatic coma grade on admission, presumed cause, transplantation, and outcome.(More)
It is widely perceived that outcomes are relatively poor following retransplantation (reTX) for recurrent of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Transplant centers debate the utility of offering another liver to these patients. A U.S. study group was formed to retrospectively compare survival after reTX in patients with recurrent HCV (histologically proven)(More)
Uncontrolled studies suggest that transjugular intrahepatic portal-systemic shunting (TIPS) may improve quality of life in patients with refractory ascites. We hypothesized that any improvement of quality of life in patients with TIPS would be matched in controls due to the competing effects of improved ascites and worsened hepatic encephalopathy. Thus, an(More)
1. The prevalence of retransplantation for hepatitis C (HCV) patients is stable (around 40%). 2. Survival models to predict outcome of retransplantation do not show that HCV is an independent variable with poor outcomes. 3. Using Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores from the United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) database from 1996-2002,(More)
Data from 1990 to 1996 suggest that the prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in repeated orthotopic liver transplantation (re-OLT) is increasing, and patient survival may be worse. Aims of the study are to: (1) assess the prevalence of HCV in re-OLT, (2) compare survival between primary OLT and re-OLT for HCV versus non-HCV diseases, and (3)(More)
UNLABELLED The predictors for developing varices in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) have not been well studied prospectively. We sought to define the predictors for the presence of varices at baseline and for newly developing varices in patients with PSC. We used prospectively collected data from a multicenter randomized trial of high(More)