Timothy M Reed

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PDE1B is a calcium-dependent cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterase that is highly expressed in the striatum. In order to investigate the physiological role of PDE1B in the central nervous system, PDE1B knockout mice (C57BL/6N background) were assessed in behavioral tests and their brains were assayed for monoamine content. In a variety of well-characterized(More)
Prenatal cocaine treatment produces equivocal effects on spatial learning and memory; however, no data are available on neonatal treatment as a model of human third-trimester exposure. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated on postnatal days (P) 1-10 or 11-20 with cocaine (15 mg/kg x 4 per day at 2-h intervals) or saline (P1-P20) and evaluated as adults in the(More)
Although the possible behavioral neurotoxic effects of in utero exposure to cocaine have been the subject of numerous experiments, only a limited number of different types of animal models of cocaine exposure, critical periods, or long-term effects of such exposures have been investigated. In the present experiment, the effects of multiple daily SC(More)
Mice lacking phosphodiesterase 1B (PDE1B) exhibit an exaggerated locomotor response to D-methamphetamine and increased in vitro phosphorylation of DARPP32 (dopamine- and cAMP-regulated phosphoprotein, M r 32 kDa) at Thr34 in striatal brain slices treated with the D1 receptor agonist, SKF81297. These results indicated a possible regulatory role for PDE1B in(More)
Following neonatal exposure to d-methamphetamine, adult rats have previously been shown to exhibit augmented acoustic startle and spatial learning deficits. d-Methamphetamine is structurally similar to several phenylethylamines that are metabolized by CYP2D6. In humans, allelic differences in the CYP2D6 confer the extensive or poor metabolizer phenotype for(More)
1. We test MacArthur and Wilson's theory about the biogeography of communities on isolated habitat patches using bird breeding records from 16 small islands off the coasts of Britain and Ireland. 2. A traditional examination of patterns of species richness on these islands suggests that area and habitat diversity are important predictors, but that isolation(More)
d-Methamphetamine (MA) is one of more than two dozen drugs included in the cytochrome P450-mediated "debrisoquine oxidation polymorphism" panel. The human gene (CYP2D6) is responsible for the "poor metabolizer" (PM) and "extensive metabolizer" (EM) phenotypes for drugs such as MA; a similar polymorphism (the CYP2D1 gene) exists in rats. Female Black or Dark(More)
Neonatal exposure to methamphetamine (MA) has previously been shown to induce acoustic startle facilitation when the animals were tested as adults. The present experiment sought to replicate and extend this effect using a lower dose of MA and to determine if the effect varied as a function of prepulse stimulus intensity. Sprague-Dawley CD rat offspring were(More)
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