Timothy M. Moore

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Activation of Ca2+ entry is known to produce endothelial cell shape change, leading to increased permeability, leukocyte migration, and initiation of angiogenesis in conduit-vessel endothelial cells. The mode of Ca2+ entry regulating cell shape is unknown. We hypothesized that activation of store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) is sufficient to promote cell(More)
An intact endothelial cell barrier maintains normal gas exchange in the lung, and inflammatory conditions result in barrier disruption that produces life-threatening hypoxemia. Activation of store-operated Ca2+ (SOC) entry increases the capillary filtration coefficient (Kf,c) in the isolated rat lung; however, activation of SOC entry does not promote(More)
Acute transitions in cytosolic calcium ([Ca2+]i) through store-operated calcium entry channels catalyze interendothelial cell gap formation that increases permeability. However, the rise in [Ca2+]i only disrupts barrier function in the absence of a rise in cAMP. Discovery that type 6 adenylyl cyclase (AC6; EC 4.6.6.1) is inhibited by calcium entry through(More)
Interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) is the most potent inducer of class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. This induction is uniquely mediated by three DNA elements in the promoter region of class II MHC genes. One of these DNA elements, Y, contains an inverted CCAAT box. Previously, we have screened a lambda gt11 library for Y-binding proteins and(More)
A RECENT META-ANALYSIS of 16 clinical trials of prostacyclin analogs, endothelin receptor antagonists, and phosphodiester-ase type 5 inhibitors in severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) from 1990 to 2005 shows that although the pharmacological agents moderately improve symptoms and hemody-namic parameters, none significantly reduces mortality (13).(More)
The present study evaluated the necessity of store-operated Ca(2+) entry in mediating thrombin-induced 20-kDa myosin light chain (MLC(20)) phosphorylation and increased permeability in bovine pulmonary artery endothelial cells (BPAECs). Thrombin (7 U/ml) and thapsigargin (1 microM) activated Ca(2+) entry through a common pathway in confluent BPAECs. Similar(More)
Calcium agonists induce membrane depolarization in endothelial cells through an unknown mechanism. Present studies tested the hypothesis that pulmonary artery endothelial cells express a cyclic nucleotide-gated (CNG) cation channel activated by store-operated calcium entry to produce membrane depolarization. In the whole-cell configuration, voltage-clamped(More)
The Division of Lung Diseases of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, with the Office of Rare Diseases Research, held a workshop to identify priority areas and strategic goals to enhance and accelerate research that will result in improved understanding of the lung vasculature, translational research needs, and ultimately the care of patients with(More)
Recognizing the importance of improving lung health through lung disease research, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) convened a workshop of multidisciplinary experts for the following purpose: (1) to review the current scientific knowledge underlying the basis for treatment of adults and children with pulmonary vascular diseases (PVDs);(More)
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