Timothy M M Farley

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The risk of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) associated with use of an intrauterine device (IUD) has been an important concern that has dominated decisions on its use throughout the world, especially in the USA. Early research that suggested such an association led to both a dramatic decline in use of the method and its withdrawal from the US market by two(More)
The World Health Organisation sponsored a multicentre, collaborative investigation of a standard approach to evaluating infertile couples. The study was conducted between 1979 and 1984 in thirty-three medical centres in twenty-five countries throughout the developed and developing world. Over 5800 couples completed the investigation. African centres had a(More)
BACKGROUND There is strong evidence showing that voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) reduces HIV incidence in men. To inform the VMMC policies and goals of 13 priority countries in eastern and southern Africa, we estimate the impact and cost of scaling up adult VMMC using updated, country-specific data. METHODS AND FINDINGS We use the Decision(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify factors differentiating men becoming azoospermic from those remaining oligozoospermic within 6 months of T treatment. DESIGN Prospective, open, noncomparative contraceptive efficacy study. SETTING International multicenter study of 271 men in 10 centers in seven countries. PATIENTS Data from 157 achieving azoospermia and 68(More)
A placebo-controlled, double-blind study was carried out to assess the direct hormonal effects of combined and progestogen-only oral contraceptives on well-being and sexuality of women in two contrasting cultures. One-hundred-fifty women, who had been sterilised or whose partners had been vasectomised, were recruited from two centres-Manila, Philippines,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate safety and efficacy of levonorgestrel-releasing contraceptive implants (Norplant; Leiras Oy, Turku, Finland) in developing countries. METHODS We used controlled cohort methodology. Women attending family planning clinics in eight developing countries selecting Norplant were enrolled, together with women of similar age choosing(More)
Cardiovascular risks have been a concern since combined oral contraceptives (OCs) were first introduced. In the past four years new, mostly reassuring information on the safety of modern, low oestrogen dose OCs has become available. However, in 1995 the new information showed higher venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk for OCs containing desogestrel and(More)
Male accessory gland infection (MAGI, epididymo-prostato-vesiculitis) with abnormal semen quality was rarely the only abnormality in infertile couples since it occurred in no more than 1.6% of 2871 couples evaluated in 7 centres during a 3-year period. Both partners of 33 infertile couples with no other demonstrable abnormality than abnormal semen and MAGI(More)