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BACKGROUND In bright light, mammals use a distinct photopigment (melanopsin) to measure irradiance for centrally mediated responses such as circadian entrainment. We aimed to determine whether the information generated by melanopsin is also used by the visual system as a signal for light adaptation. To this end, we compared retinal and thalamic responses to(More)
Photoreception in the mammalian retina is not restricted to rods and cones but extends to a small number of intrinsically photoreceptive retinal ganglion cells (ipRGCs), expressing the photopigment melanopsin. ipRGCs are known to support various accessory visual functions including circadian photoentrainment and pupillary reflexes. However, despite(More)
A key task for the visual system is to combine spatially overlapping representations of the environment, viewed by either eye, into a coherent image. In cats and primates, this is accomplished in the cortex [1], with retinal outputs maintained as separate monocular maps en route through the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN). While this arrangement is also(More)
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