Timothy M. Boyce

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When compact bone is subjected to fatigue loading, it develops matrix microdamage, which reduces the tissue's ability to resist fracture. The relative influence of different strain modes on damage and strength in compact bone has not been characterized, to our knowledge. In this study, the nonuniform strain field produced by four-point bending was used to(More)
Intracortical remodeling in the adult skeleton removes and replaces areas of compact bone that have sustained microdamage. Although studies have been performed in animal species in which there is an existing baseline of remodeling activity, laboratory rodents have been considered to have limited suitability as models for cortical bone turnover processes(More)
Myocardial imaging with technetium-99m hexakis 2-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile was investigated as a means to assess myocardial infarct size during coronary occlusion and to quantify the extent of salvaged myocardium after coronary occlusion followed by reperfusion. Open chest dogs underwent either a permanent coronary artery occlusion (Group 1, n = 16) or a 2(More)
Pharmacological coronary vasodilation induced by dipyridamole is often used in association with thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy to evaluate the presence and prognostic significance of coronary artery disease. Because dipyridamole acts by blocking the cellular uptake of adenosine, we investigated the usefulness of direct intravenous administration of(More)
The clinical utility of exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography was investigated in 360 consecutive patients who had concomitant coronary arteriography. Tomographic images were assessed visually and from computer-quantified polar maps. Sensitivity for detecting coronary artery disease was comparably high using quantitative and(More)
Clinical imaging techniques cannot consistently identify individuals at risk for hip fracture. Individual differences in falling likelihood partly account for these inconsistencies, but it is also thought that microscopic bone changes may play a role. In this study, subcapital, mid-neck, and trochanteric sites from eight young adult (26 +/- 7 years) and(More)
To assess the extent of jeopardized myocardium in patients with single vessel coronary artery disease of variable severity and location, quantitative exercise thallium-201 single photon emission computed tomography was performed in 158 consecutive patients with angiographically proved single vessel coronary artery disease. The extent of abnormal left(More)
Backscattered electron (BSE) imaging is considered to be a useful technique for determining relative differences in bone tissue density. However, it is not clear how graylevel variations seen in BSE images of bone tissue, which are primarily dependent on the tissue's average atomic number, correlate to tissue density (g/cm3) and mineral content. Simulated(More)
OBJECTIVES The study was designed to compare pharmacologic and exercise stress during thallium-201 single-photon tomography in a multicenter prospective crossover trial. BACKGROUND Both exercise and adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging have high sensitivity and specificity for detection of coronary artery disease. However, few data are available(More)
Adenosine thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy is a promising test for coronary artery disease detection, but its safety has not been reported in large patient cohorts. Accordingly, the tolerance and safety profile of adenosine infusion were analyzed in 607 patients (351 men, 256 women, mean age 63 +/- 11 years) undergoing this test either because of(More)