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Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) is constitutively activated in a variety of cancer types, including malignant gliomas. STAT3 is activated by phosphorylation of a tyrosine residue, after which it dimerizes and translocates into the nucleus. There it regulates the expression of several genes responsible for proliferation and(More)
PURPOSE Angiogenesis is a target for the treatment of cancer and other diseases, and its complex biology suggests that establishing the appropriate dose and schedule for antiangiogenic treatment will require extensive study. We present the initial results of a dose-finding clinical trial of recombinant human endostatin (rh-Endo) that examined potential(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) is a member of the nuclear hormonal receptor superfamily expressed in a large number of human cancers. Here, we demonstrate that PPARgamma is expressed and transcriptionally active in breast cancer cells independent of their p53, estrogen receptor, or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2(More)
We and others have reported that C-28 methyl ester of 2-cyano-3, 12-dioxoolen-1, 9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO-Me) effectively inhibits the growth of multiple cancer cell types. Our previous studies indicated that prolonged CDDO-Me treatment inactivated extracellular signal-regulated kinase signaling in acute myelogenous leukemia cells. Whether treatment with(More)
The unpredictable intestinal absorption and erratic bioavailability of oral busulfan (Bu) has limited the drug's use in high-dose pretransplantation conditioning therapy. To standardize drug delivery, we solubilized Bu for parenteral use. This new intravenous (i.v.) Bu formulation was combined with oral Bu and cyclophosphamide (Cy) to evaluate (1) the human(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether a schedule-dependent interaction occurs when paclitaxel and doxorubicin are administered sequentially. PATIENTS AND METHODS Ten patients with metastatic breast cancer received paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 over 24 hours either immediately before or after doxorubicin 48 mg/m2 over 48 hours as the initial chemotherapy treatment. Two such(More)
Microdialysis is a new in vivo sampling technology applied to the study of pharmacokinetics and drug metabolism in the blood and soft tissues of living systems. A small-diameter probe containing a dialysis membrane is implanted into tissue and perfused with a suitable fluid. Low-molecular-weight substances passively diffuse through the semipermeable(More)
The objective of this study was to describe the potential metabolism and protein-binding interactions with karenitecin, a novel computer-engineered, highly lipophilic camptothecin. Individual cloned cytochrome P450 (CYP450) isoenzymes were used to determine, in vitro, the metabolism of karenitecin. Known substrates and inhibitors of each isoenzyme were(More)
HER2 overexpression is one of the most recognizable molecular alterations in breast tumors known to be associated with a poor prognosis. In the study described here, we explored the effect of HER2 overexpression on the sensitivity of breast cancer cells to the growth-inhibitory effects of 2-cyano-3,12-dioxooleana-1,9-dien-28-oic acid (CDDO), a synthetic(More)
Postulating favorable antileukemic effect with improved safety, we used intravenous busulfan and fludarabine as conditioning therapy for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Fludarabine 40 mg/m2 and intravenous busulfan 130 mg/m2 were given once daily for 4 days,(More)