Timothy K. Gallaher

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We used a combined proteomic and functional biochemical approach to determine the overall impact of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on mitochondrial protein expression and function. To elucidate mitochondrial pathways activated by E2 in brain, two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis was conducted to screen the mitoproteome. Ovariectomized adult female rats were(More)
The recent cloning of three types of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, serotonin) receptors substantiates radioligand-based definitions of 5-HT receptors, and provides a framework in which to understand the function and evolution of the receptors. The primary sequences determined by molecular cloning of the 5-HT1c, 5-HT1a and 5-HT2 receptors place each of these(More)
The completion of the Human Genome Project resulted in discovery of many unknown novel genes. This feat paved the way for the future development of novel therapeutics for the treatment of human disease based on novel biological functions and pathways. Towards this aim, we undertook a bioinformatics analysis of in-house microarray data derived from purified(More)
Previous studies have established that abrogation of monoamine oxidase (MAO) A expression leads to a neurochemical, morphological, and behavioral specific phenotype with increased levels of serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine, and dopamine, loss of barrel field structure in mouse somatosensory cortex, and an association with increased aggression in adults.(More)
HemaMax, a recombinant human interleukin-12 (IL-12), is under development to address an unmet medical need for effective treatments against acute radiation syndrome due to radiological terrorism or accident when administered at least 24 hours after radiation exposure. This study investigated pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy of m-HemaMax(More)
BACKGROUND Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae biofilm formation is implicated in a number of chronic infections including otitis media, sinusitis and bronchitis. Biofilm structure includes cells and secreted extracellular matrix that is "slimy" and believed to contribute to the antibiotic resistant properties of biofilm bacteria. Components of biofilm(More)
IbeR is a regulator present in meningitic Escherichia coli strain E44 that carries a loss-of-function mutation in the stationary-phase (SP) regulatory gene rpoS. In order to determine whether IbeR is an SP regulator in E44, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and LC-MS were used to compare the proteomes of a noninvasive ibeR deletion mutant BR2 and its(More)
Electron spin resonance was used to contrast the accessibility of tertiary and quaternary local anesthetics to their high affinity binding site in the desensitized acetylcholine receptor (AChR). The time dependence of agonist addition on the association of spin-labeled local anesthetics with the nicotinic AChR-enriched membranes from Torpedo californica was(More)
BACKGROUND Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a cytokine well known for its role in immunity. A lesser known function of IL-12 is its role in hematopoiesis. The promising data obtained in the preclinical models of antitumor immunotherapy raised hope that IL-12 could be a powerful therapeutic agent against cancer. However, excessive clinical toxicity, largely due to(More)