Timothy K. Gallaher

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Non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae biofilm formation is implicated in a number of chronic infections including otitis media, sinusitis and bronchitis. Biofilm structure includes cells and secreted extracellular matrix that is "slimy" and believed to contribute to the antibiotic resistant properties of biofilm bacteria. Components of biofilm extracellular(More)
The main objective of this study was to test the hypothesis that in vivo post-translational modifications in proteins, induced by the endogenously generated reactive oxygen and nitrogen molecules, can alter protein function and thereby have an effect on metabolic pathways during the aging process. Succinyl-CoA:3-ketoacid coenzyme A transferase (SCOT), the(More)
Aconitases are iron-sulfur cluster-containing proteins present both in mitochondria and cytosol of cells; the cubane iron-sulfur (Fe-S) cluster in the active site is essential for catalytic activity, but it also renders aconitase highly vulnerable to reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. This study examined the sites and mechanisms of aconitase inactivation(More)
We used a combined proteomic and functional biochemical approach to determine the overall impact of 17beta-estradiol (E2) on mitochondrial protein expression and function. To elucidate mitochondrial pathways activated by E2 in brain, two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis was conducted to screen the mitoproteome. Ovariectomized adult female rats were(More)
IbeR is a regulator present in meningitic Escherichia coli strain E44 that carries a loss-of-function mutation in the stationary-phase (SP) regulatory gene rpoS. In order to determine whether IbeR is an SP regulator in E44, two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and LC-MS were used to compare the proteomes of a noninvasive ibeR deletion mutant BR2 and its(More)
HemaMax, a recombinant human interleukin-12 (IL-12), is under development to address an unmet medical need for effective treatments against acute radiation syndrome due to radiological terrorism or accident when administered at least 24 hours after radiation exposure. This study investigated pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and efficacy of m-HemaMax(More)
Nitration and oxidation of tyrosine, tryptophan, and methionine residues in proteins are potential markers of their interaction with peroxynitrite. This chapter describes the procedure for the detection of these nitro-oxidative modifications by tandem mass spectrometry. The peptide YGDLANWMIPGK, shown to contain a nitrohydroxytryptophan in the mitochondrial(More)
The completion of the Human Genome Project resulted in discovery of many unknown novel genes. This feat paved the way for the future development of novel therapeutics for the treatment of human disease based on novel biological functions and pathways. Towards this aim, we undertook a bioinformatics analysis of in-house microarray data derived from purified(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a cytokine well known for its role in immunity. A lesser known function of IL-12 is its role in hematopoiesis. The promising data obtained in the preclinical models of antitumor immunotherapy raised hope that IL-12 could be a powerful therapeutic agent against cancer. However, excessive clinical toxicity, largely due to repeat dose(More)
Previous studies have established that abrogation of monoamine oxidase (MAO) A expression leads to a neurochemical, morphological, and behavioral specific phenotype with increased levels of serotonin (5-HT), norepinephrine, and dopamine, loss of barrel field structure in mouse somatosensory cortex, and an association with increased aggression in adults.(More)