Timothy John Hobley

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Recombinant Bacillus halmapalus alpha-amylase (BHA) was studied in two different crystal forms. The first crystal form was obtained by crystallization of BHA at room temperature in the presence of acarbose and maltose; data were collected at cryogenic temperature to a resolution of 1.9 A. It was found that the crystal belonged to space group P2(1)2(1)2(1),(More)
Autoselective xylose-utilising strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing the xylose reductase (XYL1) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XYL2) genes of Pichia stipitis were constructed by replacing the chromosomal FUR1 gene with a disrupted fur1::LEU2 allele. Anaerobic fermentations with 80 g l-1 D-xylose as substrate showed a twofold higher consumption of(More)
Recombinant S. cerevisiae strains, with elevated levels of the enzymes of lower glycolysis (glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, phosphoglycerate mutase, phosphoglycerate kinase, enolase, pyruvate kinase, pyruvate decarboxylase and alcohol dehydrogenase) were physiologically characterized. During growth on glucose the enzyme levels in the recombinant(More)
Fermentation of the pentose sugar xylose to ethanol in lignocellulosic biomass would make bioethanol production economically more competitive. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, an efficient ethanol producer, can utilize xylose only when expressing the heterologous genes XYL1 (xylose reductase) and XYL2 (xylitol dehydrogenase). Xylose reductase and xylitol(More)
The aim of this study has been to develop a strategy for purifying correctly oxidized denatured major histocompability complex class I (MHC-I) heavy-chain molecules, which on dilution, fold efficiently and become functional. Expression of heavy-chain molecules in bacteria results in the formation of insoluble cellular inclusion bodies, which must be(More)
Anaerobic batch fermentations of ricotta cheese whey (i.e. containing lactose) were performed under different operating conditions. Ethanol concentrations of ca. 22g L(-1) were found from whey containing ca. 44g L(-1) lactose, which corresponded to up to 95% of the theoretical ethanol yield within 15h. The experimental data could be explained by means of a(More)
A novel two-step protein refolding strategy has been developed, where continuous renaturation-bydilution is followed by direct capture on an expanded bed adsorption (EBA) column. The performance of the overall process was tested on a N-terminally tagged version of human beta2-microglobulin (HAT-hbeta2m) both at analytical, small, and preparative scale. In a(More)
Trichoderma reesei expresses a large number of enzymes involved in lignocellulose hydrolysis and the mechanism of how these enzymes work together is too complex to study by traditional methods, for example, by spiking with single enzymes and monitoring hydrolysis performance. In this study, a multivariate approach, partial least squares regression, was used(More)
A spectrophotometric assay has been adapted to directly measure the activity of enzymes immobilised on insoluble magnetic particles. Three different types of lipases (Candida antarctica lipase A and B and Thermocatenulatus lanuginosus lipase) were immobilised on two types of magnetic beads. The activity of the resulting immobilised lipase preparations was(More)
The application of functionalised magnetic adsorbent particles in combination with magnetic separation techniques has received considerable attention in recent years. The magnetically responsive nature of such adsorbent particles permits their selective manipulation and separation in the presence of other suspended solids. Thus, it becomes possible to(More)