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Autosomal recessive limb-girdle muscular dystrophies (AR LGMDs) are a genetically heterogeneous group of disorders that affect mainly the proximal musculature. There are eight genetically distinct forms of AR LGMD, LGMD 2A-H (refs 2-10), and the genetic lesions underlying these forms, except for LGMD 2G and 2H, have been identified. LGMD 2A and LGMD 2B are(More)
Atomic force microscopy (AFM) allows rapid, accurate, and reproducible visualization of DNA adsorbed onto solid supports. The images reflect the lengths of the DNA molecules in the sample. Here we propose a solid-state DNA sizing (SSDS) method based on AFM as an analytical method for high-throughput applications such as finger-printing, restriction mapping,(More)
Distal mouse chromosome 16 (MMU16) shares conserved linkage with human chromosome 21 (HSA21), trisomy for which causes Down syndrome (DS). A 4.5-Mb physical map extending from Cbr1 to Tmprss2 on MMU16 provides a minimal tiling path of P1 artificial chromosomes (PACs) for comparative mapping and genomic sequencing. Thirty-four expressed sequences were(More)
The distal end of human Chromosome (HSA) 21 from PDXK to the telomere shows perfect conserved linkage with mouse Chromosome (MMU) 10. This region is bounded on the proximal side by a segment of homology to HSA22q11.2, and on the distal side by a region of homology with HSA19p13.1. A high-resolution PAC-based physical map is described that spans 2.8 Mb,(More)
Adjacent regions of mouse Chromosome 10 (MMU10) show conserved synteny with human chromosome 22 (HSA22) and the telomeric region of HSA21. Physical mapping on MMU10 using YAC fragmentation and PAC contig analyses demonstrates that Prmt2 has a position consistent with its human homolog, HRMT1L1, being telomeric to S100B on HSA21. This result establishes(More)
Comparative mapping of human and mouse chromosomes can be used to predict locations of homologous loci between the species, provides the substrate to examine the process of chromosomal evolution, and facilitates the continuing development of mouse genetic models for human disorders. A YAC contig of the region of mouse Chromosome (Chr) 10 (MMU10) that(More)
Distal mouse Chromosome 16 (Chr. 16) includes a region of conserved linkage with human Chromosome 21 (Chr. 21). Mouse models of Down syndrome based on trisomy of distal Chr. 16 have several phenotypes similar to those seen in human patients and have proven useful for correlating dosage imbalance of specific genes with specific developmental anomalies. The(More)
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