Timothy J Underwood

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Cancer genome sequencing studies have identified numerous driver genes, but the relative timing of mutations in carcinogenesis remains unclear. The gradual progression from premalignant Barrett's esophagus to esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) provides an ideal model to study the ordering of somatic mutations. We identified recurrently mutated genes and(More)
BACKGROUND Laparoscopic surgery for primary colorectal cancer is now commonplace but the uptake of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) has been slow, mainly owing to doubts regarding safety, feasibility and oncological efficiency. METHODS Prospectively collected data of all patients treated for CRLM between 2004 and 2009 were(More)
Interactions between cancer cells and cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) play an important role in tumour development and progression. In this study we investigated the functional role of CAFs in oesophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). We used immunochemistry to analyse a cohort of 183 EAC patients for CAF markers related to disease mortality. We characterized(More)
Studies from murine embryogenesis and cancer cells derived from human melanomas have identified a critical role for the transcription factor PAX3 in the suppression of p53 protein accumulation and p53-dependent apoptosis. Here we show, using a well-defined over-expression system, that PAX3 suppresses p53-dependent transcription from promoters of(More)
Oesophagectomy is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. A simple score to define a patient's risk of developing major complications would be beneficial. Patients who underwent upper gastrointestinal resections with an oesophageal anastomosis between 2005 and 2010 were reviewed and formed the development dataset with resections performed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Barrett's oesophagus shows appearances described as 'intestinal metaplasia', in structures called 'crypts' but do not typically display crypt architecture. Here, we investigate their relationship to gastric glands. METHODS Cell proliferation and migration within Barrett's glands was assessed by Ki67 and iododeoxyuridine (IdU) labelling.(More)
The aim of this study was to interrogate whether blood-borne inflammatory and nutritional markers predict long-term survival and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in radically treated oesophagogastric cancer patients. This retrospective study included 246 patients who underwent oesophageal resection for high-grade dysplasia or carcinoma between 2005 and(More)
The majority of esophagectomies in Western parts of the world are performed by a transthoracic approach reflecting the prevalence of adenocarcinoma of the lower esophagus or esophagogastric junction. Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has been reported in a variety of formats, but there are no series that directly compare totally minimally invasive(More)
BACKGROUND INFORMATION Carcinoma of the oesophagus is the sixth leading cause of cancer death in the western world and is associated with a 5-year survival of less than 15%. Recent evidence suggests that stromal-epithelial interactions are fundamental in carcinogenesis. The advent of co-culture techniques permits the investigation of cross-talk between the(More)
BACKGROUND Oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC) is one of the fastest rising malignancies with continued poor prognosis. Many studies have proposed novel biomarkers but, to date, no immunohistochemical markers of survival after oesophageal resection have entered clinical practice. Here, we systematically review and meta-analyse the published literature, to(More)