Timothy J. Petersen

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According to the DSM-IV classification, a diagnosis of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is possible only when there is evidence of significant inference with functioning. However, despite the high prevalence of MDD in the general population, it is uncommon for clinicians to assess overall functioning in a systematic way before making such diagnosis. An(More)
BACKGROUND Due to their favorable side effect profile, atypical antipsychotic agents offer important therapeutic advantages in mood disorders. Aripiprazole, an atypical antipsychotic agent with partial dopaminergic and serotonin 1A receptor agonist activity, may be particularly useful when used in conjunction with standard antidepressants in(More)
BACKGROUND Due to their favorable side-effect profile, atypical antipsychotic agents offer important therapeutic advantages in mood disorders. Ziprasidone, an atypical antipsychotic agent with strong 5-HT(1A) agonist activity, may be particularly useful when used in conjunction with standard antidepressants in treatment-resistant depression. The purpose of(More)
OBJECTIVE An increased association between depression and cardiovascular disease, as well as cardiovascular risk factors, led to the "vascular depression" hypothesis. This subtype of depression is postulated to have a different clinical presentation and to be more treatment-resistant. In this study, we measured the impact of cardiovascular risk factors on(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) may have significant differences in cholesterol levels compared with healthy controls. A previous study by our group reported that depressed patients with elevated cholesterol levels (>or=200 mg/dl) were significantly more likely to be nonresponders to fluoxetine treatment than depressed patients with(More)
Lithium augmentation, the most studied augmentation strategy for depression, has not been evaluated in patients with a history of non-response to multiple antidepressants. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of lithium augmentation for patients with a history of treatment resistant depression who also failed a prospective trial of(More)
Major depressive disorder is a chronic disorder, frequently characterized by relapses and recurrences. One of the major risk factors for additional episodes of depression is the presence of residual symptoms that persist after a depressive episode ends; these residual symptoms tend to progress to another depressive episode. Although relapse or recurrence(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine changes in serum prolactin levels in outpatients with DSM-IV-diagnosed major depressive disorder (MDD) following a 12-week open-label trial of fluoxetine. METHOD 87 outpatients enrolled in the trial had serum prolactin levels determined at baseline and during their final visit (week 12 or discontinuation visit). In addition, serum(More)
Despite the superior side effect profile of the newer antidepressants over the tricyclics and monoamine oxidase inhibitors, all newer antidepressants are associated with a wide array of side effects. Clinicians are constantly confronted with the challenge of managing these side effects in the context of minimal research to prove one management strategy is(More)
Up to 50% of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) fail to respond to an antidepressant trial, with most taking a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) as an initial treatment. Switching to bupropion, for depressed patients not responding to SSRIs, is a popular strategy among clinicians. This study assesses the efficacy of bupropion SR in(More)