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The sensitivity of magnetic resonance imaging to biochemical and biophysical changes in the extracellular matrix of articular cartilage give it the potential to noninvasively detect the earliest changes of cartilage damage. The transverse relaxation time (T2) of cartilage has been shown to be a sensitive parameter for evaluation of early degeneration in(More)
Development of high magnetic field MRI techniques is hampered by the significant artifacts produced by B0 field inhomogeneities in the excited slices. A technique, gradient-echo slice excitation profile imaging (GESEPI), is presented for recovering the signal lost caused by intravoxel phase dispersion in T2*-weighted images. This technique superimposes an(More)
We examined the effects of exercise conditioning on muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) during handgrip and posthandgrip circulatory arrest (PHG-CA). Two conditioning stimuli were studied: forearm dominance and bodybuilding. Static handgrip at 30% maximal voluntary contraction followed by PHG-CA led to a rise in MSNA smaller in dominant than in(More)
In this study we measured (n = 6) the phosphocreatine-to-inorganic phosphate ratio (PCr/Pi), Pi, and pH with 31P-nuclear magnetic resonance (31P-NMR) in the human forearm during static work at 30% of maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) for 2 min followed immediately by 3 min of circulatory arrest (forearm arterial occlusion). Static exercise, with its(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite a growing body of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) literature in osteoarthritis (OA), there is little uniformity in its diagnostic application. We envisage in the first instance the definition requiring further validation and testing in the research setting before considering implementation/feasibility testing in the clinical setting. The(More)
BACKGROUND Resting sympathetic nervous system activity is increased in heart failure. Whether sympathetic nervous system responses during exercise are increased is controversial. Furthermore, the role of muscle metaboreceptors and central command in regulating sympathetic outflow has been largely unexplored. METHODS AND RESULTS Muscle sympathetic nerve(More)
OBJECTIVE There is an interest in using Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to identify pre-radiographic changes in osteoarthritis (OA) and features that indicate risk for disease progression. The purpose of this study is to identify image features derived from MRI T2 maps that can accurately predict onset of OA symptoms in subjects at risk for incident knee(More)
PURPOSE T2 mapping techniques use the relaxation constant as an indirect marker of cartilage structure, and the relaxation constant has also been shown to be a sensitive parameter for cartilage evaluation. As a possible additional robust biomarker, T2* relaxation time is a potential, clinically feasible parameter for the biochemical evaluation of articular(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate feasibility of magnetic resonance (MR) T2 mapping of the proximal interphalangeal joint of the index finger. Cartilage T2 maps with an in-plane resolution of 39 microm were obtained from five asymptomatic subjects-four men and one woman, aged 24-45 years-by using a 3.0-T MR imager. Image acquisition time was 9.6(More)
PURPOSE To determine if age and early symptomatic degeneration alter the spatial dependency of cartilage T2. MATERIALS AND METHODS In 25 asymptomatic volunteers and six volunteers with symptoms of patellar chondromalacia, quantitative T2 maps of patellar cartilage were obtained with a multiecho, spin-echo magnetic resonance imaging sequence at 3.0 T.(More)