Timothy J. Maher

Ahmmed Ally13
Mark Böhlke7
Takeshi Ishide4
Kevin A Chaitoff3
13Ahmmed Ally
7Mark Böhlke
4Takeshi Ishide
Learn More
Iron-responsive manganese uptake is increased in iron-deficient rats, suggesting that toxicity related to manganese exposure could be modified by iron status. To explore possible interactions, the distribution of intranasally-instilled manganese in control and iron-deficient rat brain was characterized by quantitative image analysis using T1-weighted(More)
Regional modulation of the level of cortical neurotrans-mitters in the brain would serve as a new functional brain mapping technique to interrogate the neurochemical actions of the brain. We investigated the utility of the application of low-intensity, pulsed soni-cation of focused ultrasound (FUS) to the brain to modulate the extracellular level of(More)
OBJECTIVE Transcranial focused ultrasound (FUS), with its ability to non-invasively modulate the excitability of region-specific brain areas, is gaining attention as a potential neurotherapeutic modality. The aim of this study was to examine whether or not FUS administered to the brain could alter the extracellular levels of glutamate and γ-aminobutyric(More)
We explored the possibility that circulating glutamine affects gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels in rat striatal tissue and GABA concentrations in striatal extracellular fluid (ECF). Striatal microdialysates, each collected over a 20 min interval, were obtained after no treatment, oral L-glutamine (0.5 g/kg), or glutamine followed by NMDA (administered(More)
Administering uridine-5'-monophosphate (UMP) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) increases synaptic membranes (as characterized by pre- and post-synaptic proteins) and dendritic spines in rodents. We examined their effects on rotational behavior and dopaminergic markers in rats with partial unilateral 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced striatal lesions. Rats(More)
Tyrosine (TYR) is the precursor of the catecholamine (CA) neurotransmitters, dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE). Catecholamines, especially NE, participate in the response of the brain to acute stress. When animals are acutely stressed, NE neurons become more active and tyrosine availability may be rate-limiting. Tyrosine administration, before exposure(More)
We have reported that in rats with a 90 min left middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and 24 h reperfusion, pressor responses during muscle contractions were attenuated, as were glutamate concentrations in the left rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) and left caudal VLM (CVLM), but gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels increased in left RVLM and CVLM.(More)
The behavioral effects of exposure to environmentally relevant low levels of the known neurotoxicants lead (Pb) and manganese (Mn) are of current interest, especially when exposure occurs in the period of early development. The incidence of real life neurodevelopmental toxicity is dependent on co-exposure to multiple neurotoxicants present in the(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptors are located in different regions of the brain, particularly within the cardiovascular control centers in the brainstem. These Ang II receptors are divided into AT1 and AT2 subtypes. We investigated the role of AT1 receptor subtype within the rostral (RVLM) and caudal (CVLM) ventrolateral medulla on cardiovascular responses(More)
BACKGROUND Because variable results of capsaicin challenges may be due to the incomplete solubility of capsaicin, we sought to determine if the use of Tween-80 in solutions of capsaicin improves actual concentrations of freshly prepared and stored solutions. METHODS Capsaicin solutions ranging from 0.5-128 muM were mixed with and without Tween-80. Samples(More)