Timothy J. Griffin

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Using an integrated genomic and proteomic approach, we have investigated the effects of carbon source perturbation on steady-state gene expression in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae growing on either galactose or ethanol. For many genes, significant differences between the abundance ratio of the messenger RNA transcript and the corresponding protein(More)
Obesity is a state of mild inflammation correlated with increased oxidative stress. In general, pro-oxidative conditions lead to production of reactive aldehydes such as trans-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) and trans-4-oxo-2-nonenal implicated in the development of a variety of metabolic diseases. To investigate protein modification by 4-HNE as a consequence(More)
Many biological processes are intrinsically dynamic, incurring profound changes at both molecular and physiological levels. Systems analyses of such processes incorporating large-scale transcriptome or proteome profiling can be quite revealing. Although consistency between mRNA and proteins is often implicitly assumed in many studies, examples of divergent(More)
Whole human saliva possesses tremendous potential in clinical diagnostics, particularly for conditions within the oral cavity such as oral cancer. Although many have studied the soluble fraction of whole saliva, few have taken advantage of the diagnostic potential of the cells present in saliva, and none have taken advantage of proteomics capabilities for(More)
BACKGROUND Oral cancer survival rates increase significantly when it is detected and treated early. Unfortunately, clinicians now lack tests which easily and reliably distinguish pre-malignant oral lesions from those already transitioned to malignancy. A test for proteins, ones found in non-invasively-collected whole saliva and whose abundances distinguish(More)
This study uses advanced proteogenomic approaches in a nonmodel organism to elucidate cardioprotective mechanisms used during mammalian hibernation. Mammalian hibernation is characterized by drastic reductions in body temperature, heart rate, metabolism, and oxygen consumption. These changes pose significant challenges to the physiology of hibernators,(More)
A great deal of current biological and clinical research is directed at the interpretation of the information contained in the human genome sequence in terms of the structure, function and control of biological systems and processes. Proteomics, the systematic analysis of proteins, is becoming a critical component in this endeavor because proteomic(More)
Human saliva has great potential for clinical disease diagnostics. Constructing a comprehensive catalogue of saliva proteins using proteomic approaches is a necessary first step to identifying potential protein biomarkers of disease. However, because of the challenge presented in cataloguing saliva proteins with widely varying abundance, new proteomic(More)
Amino acids stimulate cell growth and suppress autophagy through activation of mTORC1. The activation of mTORC1 by amino acids is mediated by Rag guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) heterodimers on the lysosome. The molecular mechanism by which amino acids regulate the Rag GTPase heterodimers remains to be elucidated. Here, we identify SH3 domain-binding(More)