Timothy J. Gale

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In this paper, we propose a two-mode adaptive fuzzy controller with approximation error estimator. In the learning mode, the controller employs some modified adaptive laws to tune the fuzzy system parameters and an approximation error estimator to compensate for the inherent approximation error. In the operating mode, the fuzzy system parameters are fixed,(More)
OBJECTIVE The precision of oxygen saturation (SpO2) targeting in preterm infants on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is incompletely characterized. We therefore evaluated SpO2 targeting in infants solely receiving CPAP, aiming to describe their SpO2 profile, to document the frequency of prolonged hyperoxia and hypoxia episodes and of fraction of(More)
In the adaptive fuzzy and neural network control field, there are two basic configurations: direct and indirect. It is well known that the direct configuration needs more restrictions on the control gain than the indirect configuration. In this paper, we propose a direct adaptive fuzzy controller with less restrictions on the control gain. Using an(More)
The ability of fourteen competitive helmsmen of different skill levels to sail a standard course towards the wind (upwind) was assessed using a virtual reality sailing simulator. The simulator consisted of a Laser dinghy deck which pivoted between two supports and was dynamically controlled by a computer driven pneumatic ram. Computer generated graphics(More)
Calculation of intra-ventricular blood volume using the impedance electrode technique suffers from inaccuracy arising from irregularity in ventricular geometry and non-uniformity in imposed electric fields. This is particularly evident in the right ventricle. To investigate this problem, we present analytical and numerical solutions for the electric field(More)
Estimation of parallel conductance using the impedance electrode technique is usually done assuming isotropic conditions. This may not be the best solution since the myocardium is an anisotropic material. This paper exposes the effect of fiber orientation for volume measurement using a conductor model with asymmetrical source electrodes. Simulation results(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the performance of a novel algorithm for automated oxygen control using a simulation of oxygenation founded on in vivo data from preterm infants. METHODS A proportional-integral-derivative (PID) control algorithm was enhanced by (i) compensation for the non-linear SpO2-PaO2 relationship, (ii) adaptation to the severity of lung(More)
The extended period many people now spend looking at computer screens is thought to affect eyesight over the long term. In this paper we are concerned with developing and initial evaluation of a wireless camera-based tracking system providing quantitative assessment of computer screen interaction. The system utilizes a stereo camera system and wireless XBee(More)
A wide range of blood flow measurement techniques were reviewed in regard to development of an implantable blood flow sensor. These include indicator methods and techniques to measure velocity and stroke volume. Most techniques were found to be unsuitable for implantable use in humans. The intracardiac impedance method was favored, though significant(More)