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A PCR method for the unequivocal assignment of Haemophilus influenzae capsular type (types a to f) was developed. PCR primers were designed from capsule type-specific DNA sequences cloned from the capsular gene cluster of each of the six capsular types. PCR product was amplified only from the capsular type for which the primers were designed. Product was(More)
Protegrin antimicrobial peptides possess activity against gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and yeasts. An extensive structure-activity relationship (SAR) study was conducted on several hundred protegrin analogues to gain understanding of the relationship between the primary and secondary structure of the protegrins and their antimicrobial(More)
Indolicidin is a cationic antimicrobial peptide isolated from bovine neutrophils. It consists of only 13 amino acids, has the highest tryptophan content of any known protein, and is amidated at the carboxyl terminus in nature. By circular dichroism spectroscopy a weak poly-L-proline II extended helix structure was observed that became substantially more(More)
Although the microflora associated with oral mucositis initiated by cytotoxic therapy is not well characterized, several studies suggest that reduction of the microbial load in the oral cavity has some clinical benefit. The MICs of IB-367, a synthetic protegrin analog, ranged from 0.13 to 64 microgram/ml for gram-positive bacteria (Streptococcus mitis,(More)
Cationic antimicrobial peptides play a very important role in nature as a first line of defence against attack and damage. However, their application to the clinic has not been very encouraging to date. There are indications that the barriers to their success may now be eroding with companies developing peptides to be more stable, cost effective and(More)
The basis of joint tolerance to beta-lactam and fluoroquinolone antibiotics in Escherichia coli mediated by hipA was examined. An antibiotic tolerance phenotype was produced by overexpression of hipA under conditions that did not affect the growth rate of the organism. Overexpressing hipA probably decreases the period in which bacteria are susceptible to(More)
A significant component of the innate immune system of a wide variety of animals and plants is arbitrated by cationic host defence peptides. In man, these peptides, in addition to exhibiting a direct antimicrobial activity, seems to provide a range of non-antimicrobial bioactivities related to defence, inflammation and wound healing. Despite the fact that(More)