Timothy J. Cunningham

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Brain macrophages and microglia play important roles in central nervous system (CNS) development, especially during regressive events in which particular neuronal and glial constituents are eliminated. The purpose of this study is to provide a complete map of brain macrophage and microglia distribution in all regions of the neuraxis from birth to sexual(More)
Traumatic injury in the brain usually results in rapid degeneration of neuronal elements and a response by peripherally derived macrophages (brain macrophages, BMOs) and resident microglia. One intriguing result of lesions performed in the developing brain as compared to lesions of the mature brain is the faster resolution of the cellular debris and the(More)
A survival-promoting peptide has been purified from medium conditioned by Y79 human retinoblastoma cells and a mouse hippocampal cell line (HN 33.1) exposed to H2O2. A 30 residue synthetic peptide was made on the basis of N-terminal sequences obtained during purification, and it was found to exhibit gel mobility and staining properties similar to the(More)
Counts of neurons of the rat superior cervical ganglion (SCG) were made at two days before birth and at several postnatal ages. There is a significant decline in the number of apparently normal neurons over the first postnatal week, with the number falling from 39 500 at 3 days to 26 500 at 7 days. Cell numbers then remained constant up to day 60 when the(More)
We identified the human cDNA encoding a peptide that has been partially purified from the secretions of oxidatively stressed neural cell lines, murine adenocarcinoma cells, and group Abeta-hemolytic steptococci. We then genetically modified mouse and human neural cells to overexpress this peptide and found these modified cells to be remarkably hearty,(More)
Removal of the occipital cortex in newborn rats results in the rapid and nearly complete degeneration of the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (dLGN) in 5 days. In previous studies we have shown that transplants of embryonic posterior cortex neurons, which are allowed to develop in culture for 5 days prior to transplantation into the site of the lesion,(More)
Published values for the number of neurons in the superior cervical ganglion of the adult rat range from 13 000 to 45 000. These studies have employed different methods for determining what unit to count (cell body, nucleus, nucleolus), how many sections to count, and how to correct the raw counts for split particles and for profiles that are too small to(More)
Application of light and electron microscopic techniques to the superior colliculus of the normal rat shows that a number of neurons die within the first week after birth. Cells in the earliest recognizable stages of degeneration are characterized by an overall increase in electron density and dilation of the intracellular cisternae, although there are only(More)