Timothy J. Bell

Learn More
BACKGROUND Restless legs syndrome (RLS), a common sensorimotor disorder, has a wide range of severity from merely annoying to affecting sleep and quality of life severely enough to warrant medical treatment. Previous epidemiological studies, however, have failed to determine the prevalence of those with clinically significant RLS symptoms and to examine the(More)
OBJECTIVE This multinational, Internet-based survey was designed to assess the prevalence, frequency, severity, and impact of opioid-induced bowel dysfunction (OBD) in patients receiving opioid therapy for chronic pain and taking laxatives. DESIGN In total, 322 patients taking daily oral opioids and laxatives completed the 45-item questionnaire. At the(More)
A long-term study was conducted to determine the possible chronic toxicity and oncogenicity of methylene chloride. Rats and hamsters were exposed by inhalation to 0, 500, 1500, or 3500 ppm of methylene chloride for 6 hr per day, 5 days a week, for 2 years. No exposure-related cytogenetic effects were present in male or female rats exposed to 500, 1500, or(More)
Groups of male and female Fischer 344 rats were administered acrylamide in their drinking water at 0, 0.05, 0.2, 1, 5, or 20 mg/kg/day for up to 93 days. Following the administration of acrylamide in the drinking water, male rats from each dose level were held for up to 144 days of recovery. The 20 mg/kg/day groups had definite treatment-related effects(More)
Matrix projection models are among the most widely used tools in plant ecology. However, the way in which plant ecologists use and interpret these models differs from the way in which they are presented in the broader academic literature. In contrast to calls from earlier reviews, most studies of plant populations are based on < 5 matrices and present(More)
OBJECTIVE To estimate direct medical costs among patients with established cardiovascular disease (CVD). STUDY DESIGN Observational longitudinal cohort study. METHODS We identified 12,278 patients who were added to the Kaiser Permanente Northwest CVD registry from 2000 to 2005. We observed patients until they died or left the health plan or until June(More)
Uncertainty associated with ecological forecasts has long been recognized, but forecast accuracy is rarely quantified. We evaluated how well data on 82 populations of 20 species of plants spanning 3 continents explained and predicted plant population dynamics. We parameterized stage-based matrix models with demographic data from individually marked plants(More)
In a prospective study of 100 patients undergoing transurethral resection, changes in serum sodium were estimated during the per-operative and post-operative periods. The weight of prostate resected and the volume of irrigant fluid used influenced the changes in serum sodium. In 93 patients these changes were not statistically significant. In only seven(More)
The aim of this study was to determine parental knowledge of bacterial endocarditis prophylaxis (BEP). Parents of 135 patients attending a pediatric cardiology clinic in a university center were mailed an eight-question survey pertaining to their knowledge of their child's cardiac disease, medications, and BEP. The patients' cardiac lesions and current(More)