Timothy Hopper

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BACKGROUND Marketing and use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) and other electronic nicotine delivery devices have increased exponentially in recent years fueled, in part, by marketing and word-of-mouth communications via social media platforms, such as Twitter. OBJECTIVE This study examines Twitter posts about e-cigarettes between 2008 and 2013 to(More)
This study examines how 4 men from the same family, representing different generations, construct health from their perceptions of professional athletes. Many men are socialized and participate in sport discourses that promote certain truths about being a man that often have detrimental effects to their health. The capacity of research to inform men's(More)
This paper will describe complexity theory as framing an emergent learning process. This process will be connected to a constraint-led approach to skill learning and a non-linear pedagogy perspective in physical education[1]. Often traditional and common sense notions of learning are framed as a correspondence process focused on acquiring or accumulating(More)
Irritable bowel diseases (IBD) such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are serious chronic diseases affecting millions of patients worldwide. Studies of human chemokine biology has suggested C-C chemokine receptor 9 (CCR9) may be a key mediator of pro-inflammatory signaling. Discovery of agents that inhibit CCR9 may lead to new therapies(More)
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