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Fusarium moniliforme toxins (fumonisins) and Alternaria alternata lycopersici (AAL) toxins are members of a new class of sphinganine analog mycotoxins that occur widely in the food chain. These mycotoxins represent a serious threat to human and animal health, inducing both cell death and neoplastic events in mammals. The mechanisms by which this family of(More)
Calves were inoculated with the bovine herpes virus 1 (BHV-1) vaccine strain (RLB 106), which is a temperature sensitive mutant. The route of inoculation was intranasal instillation or intramuscular (i.m.) injection (flank or neck). As a control, five calves were given placebo by i.m. injection of the neck. Regardless of the infection route, clinical(More)
Following acute infection of cattle with bovine herpesvirus-1 (BHV-1), cyclin expression was examined in trigeminal ganglia (TG). Cyclin A was primarily detected in the nucleus of TG neurons. In contrast, cyclin D1 and cyclin E were detected in the nucleus and cytoplasm of TG neurons. Uninfected or latently infected calves did not express detectable levels(More)
AIMS Pain flare occurs in over one-third of patients receiving palliative radiotherapy for bone metastases. A single dose of dexamethasone can decrease the incidence of pain flare during the first 2 days immediately after radiotherapy. We conducted a phase II prospective study to investigate the prophylactic role of prolonged dexamethasone. MATERIALS AND(More)
Despite productive viral gene expression in the peripheral nervous system during acute infection, the bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) infection cycle is blocked in sensory ganglionic neurons and consequently latency is established. The only abundant viral transcript expressed during latency is the latency-related (LR) RNA. LR gene products inhibit S-phase(More)
Small DNA viruses (adenoviruses, simian virus 40, or human papillomaviruses) induce S-phase progression but prevent cell division to provide precursors for viral DNA replication. Herpes simplex viruses types 1 or 2 (HSV-1 or HSV-2) contain genes which encode DNA-metabolizing enzymes, for example, ribonucleotide reductase, thymidine kinase and dUTPase,(More)
BACKGROUND Sacroiliac joint (SI) pain is an often-overlooked cause of lower-back pain, due in part to a lack of specific findings on radiographs and a symptom profile similar to other back-related disorders. A minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach to SI joint fusion using a series of triangular, titanium plasma spray-coated implants has shown favorable(More)
We have presented the case of a 43-year-old woman with severe myositis due to clay ingestion and hypokalemia. EMG studies revealed a pattern consistent with myositis, and muscle biopsy showed a nonspecific diffuse myositis. The clay was shown to act as a potassium binder. With potassium replacement and discontinuance of clay ingestion, the symptoms and(More)