Timothy Hayes

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Leucokinins are octapeptides isolated from heads of the cockroach Leucophaea maderae. In the cockroach they increase motility of the isolated hindgut. Surprisingly, synthetic leucokinins have biological activity in a different insect and in a different tissue. In isolated Malpighian tubules of the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti, leucokinins depolarize(More)
A novel peptide termed locustamyoinhibiting peptide (LOM-MIP) was isolated from brain-corpora cardiaca-corpora allata-suboesophageal ganglion extracts of the locust, Locusta migratoria. The primary structure of this nonapeptide has been determined Ala-Trp-Gln-Asp-Leu-Asn-Ala-Gly-Trp-NH2. LOM-MIP suppresses the spontaneous contractions of the hindgut and(More)
Two myotropic peptides termed locustatachykinin I (Gly-Pro-Ser-Gly-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Val-Arg-NH2) and locustatachykinin II (Ala-Pro-Leu-Ser-Gly-Phe-Tyr-Gly-Val-Arg-NH2) were isolated from brain-corpora cardiaca-corpora allata-suboesophageal ganglion extracts of the locust, Locusta migratoria. Both peptides exhibit sequence homologies with the vertebrate(More)
Locusta-DP is a corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)related diuretic peptide isolated from the migratory locust Locusta migratoria. At nanomolar concentrations, synthetic Locusta-DP stimulated fluid secretion and cyclic AMP production by Malpighian tubules isolated in vitro and increased the rate of amaranth clearance in starved locusts to levels comparable(More)
The presence in insect tissues of peptides with structural similarities to angiotensin I and to bradykinin, the two best known substrates of mammalian angiotensin-converting enzyme, has not been reported. As part of our study to identify potential substrates for insect angiotensin-converting enzyme, we have investigated the susceptibility of a number of(More)
An identical CRF-related diuretic peptide (Musca-DP) was isolated and characterized from whole-body extracts of the house fly, Musca domestica, and stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans. The peptide stimulates cyclic AMP production in Manduca sexta Malpighian tubules and increases the rate of fluid secretion by isolated Musca domestica tubules. The 44-residue(More)
Phenomenological association of alterations of immune system function at the time of puberty (e.g. involution of the chicken bursa of Fabricius) has led to postulation that the humoral immune system may negatively affect the hypothalamo-adenohypophyseal-gonadal axis of the neonate. Presently, we examined the effect of an acidic aqueous bursa of Fabricius(More)
Unusual among insect neuropeptides, the decapeptide myosuppressins are capable of inhibiting contractions of visceral muscle, including the isolated cockroach hindgut. The C-terminal pentapeptide Val-Phe-Leu-Arg-Phe-NH2 has been identified as the myosuppressin active core, the minimum number of residues required to elicit hindgut myoinhibitory activity.(More)
The isolated hindgut of the cockroach, Leucophaea maderae is a very efficient bioassay tool for the monitoring of certain structural types of insect myotropic peptides during HPLC purification. Using this detection system, a six residue peptide has been isolated from an extract of 9000 brain corpora cardiaca-corpora allata suboesophageal ganglion complexes(More)
A peptide termed culekinin depolarizing peptide (CDP) was isolated from approximately 1.2 million mosquitos (94% Culex salinarius). The peptide was isolated on the basis of a rapid myotropic assay that utilized a hindgut preparation from Leucophaea maderae and a transepithelial voltage assay that used mosquito Malpighian tubules from Aedes aegypti. A 15%(More)