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It has been known for nearly 30 years that glucocorticoid receptor stimulation induces increased tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene expression. However, the mechanism mediating this effect has remained elusive. Sequences with homology to known glucocorticoid-responsive elements (GRE) have been identified in the 5' flanking region of the TH gene of several(More)
The purpose of the work reported here was to determine whether the tyrosine hydroxylase glucocorticoid-responsive element (TH-GRE) interacts with the cyclic AMP pathway and the CRE in regulating mouse TH promoter activity, and whether an additional, previously identified downstream GRE-like element also participates in the function of the TH-GRE and CRE. To(More)
Gap junctions play an important role during the development of the mammalian brain. In the neocortex, gap junctions are already expressed at very early stages of development and they seem to be involved in many processes like neurogenesis, migration and synapse formation. Gap junctions are found in all cell types including progenitor cells, glial cells and(More)
VIP and PACAP38 are closely related peptides that are released in the adrenal gland and sympathetic ganglia and regulate catecholamine synthesis and release. We used PC12 cells as a model system to examine receptor and second messenger pathways by which each peptide stimulates transcriptional and post-transcriptional mechanisms that regulate the level of(More)
A 31 kDa voltage-dependent anion-selective channel (VDAC) protein was purified from the insect Heliothis virescens (tobacco budworm, denoted TBW) using an alkali extraction and filtration procedure and was characterized by SDS-PAGE, amino acid sequencing, biophysical properties and immunocytochemistry. The N-terminal sequence has highest identity with VDACs(More)
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