Timothy Gifford

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In building evacuation problems, psychological features such as route familiarity, following the guidance and herding may influence evacuees' route choice. Based on psychological findings, a new macroscopic network-flow model that incorporates the effects of psychological features is established in this paper. These features are unified through the notion(More)
Anxiety impairs evacuees' ability to select appropriate routes during building fire and smoke evacuations. Understanding anxiety is thus essential to provide proper guidance to evacuees. However, it is challenging to model how anxiety affects evacuees' decision-making process, and how to validate the resulting approach with very limited available data. In(More)
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