Timothy G Zammit

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The objective of this study was to determine whether the blood pressure and heart rate of adult male Sprague-Dawley rats are affected by the routine animal husbandry procedure of moving animals to clean cages. Cardiovascular parameters were obtained by using radiotelemetry; behavior in the home cage also was evaluated. Each rat had a radiotelemetry(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the cardiovascular function and behavior of male Sprague-Dawley rats housed individually or with one or three cagemates during resting conditions and when subjected to common husbandry and experimental procedures and potentially stressful olfactory stimuli. Heart rate (HR), mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), and(More)
The objective of this study was to test the hypotheses that male rats are stressed by being in the same room as animals subjected to common husbandry and experimental procedures and that the level of stress is affected by housing density. Two commonly used indices of stress, heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), were determined by using(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the cardiovascular function and behavior of female Sprague-Dawley rats housed individually or with one or three cage mates under resting conditions and when subjected to common husbandry and experimental procedures and potentially stressful olfactory stimuli. Heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP)(More)
The objective of this study was to assess cardiovascular and behavioral responses of Sprague-Dawley female rats subjected to or witnessing common husbandry and experimental procedures at various points during the estrous cycle. Heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) were determined using radiotelemetry for 2 h before and 3 h after: cage(More)
The objective of this study was to compare the recovery of male rats after a major abdominal surgical procedure (the implantation of a radiotelemetry transmitter) when treated with buprenorphine, butorphanol, or ketoprofen and subcutaneous fluids (5% dextrose) or with subcutaneous fluids only. The parameters for assessing recovery were heart rate (HR), mean(More)
This study was designed to determine the time to recovery from carotid artery catheterization using multiple criteria and to compare recovery times between three common anesthetics. Male Sprague-Dawley rats, chronically instrumented with radio-telemetry transmitters, were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital, halothane or a mixture of ketamine, xylazine(More)
The objective of this study was to test the hypotheses that female rats are stressed by being in the same room as animals subjected to common husbandry and experimental procedures and that the level of stress is affected by housing density. Two commonly used indices of stress, heart rate (HR) and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), were determined by using(More)
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