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Understanding how cardiac myosin regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation alters cardiac muscle mechanics is important because it is often altered in cardiac disease. The effect this protein phosphorylation has on muscle mechanics during a physiological range of shortening velocities, during which the heart generates power and performs work, has not(More)
Aerobic metabolic rates (MO2) and respiratory quotients (RQ = CO2 production/MO2) were measured contemporaneously in hibernating frogs Rana temporaria (L.), submerged for 90 days at 3 degrees C. After 3 mo of submergence in fully aerated water, MO2 levels were 61% of those seen at the same temperature before hibernation. Over the first 40 days of(More)
When temperature differences are taken into account, turtle brains use glucose at one-sixth the rate reported in rat brains. Na+-K+-ATPase activities are 2- to 2.5-fold higher in rat than in turtle brains. Maximal activities of hexokinase and lactate dehydrogenase are similar, whereas citrate synthase activities are two- to threefold higher in rat than(More)
Effects of Pi (inorganic phosphate) are relevant to the in vivo function of muscle because Pi is one of the products of ATP hydrolysis by actomyosin and by the sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) pump. We have measured the Pi sensitivity of force produced by permeabilized muscle fibres from dogfish (Scyliorhinus canicula) and rabbit. The activation conditions for(More)
In this work we demonstrate for the first time the use of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) as an assay to monitor the dynamics of cross-bridge conformational changes directly in single muscle fibres. The advantage of FRET imaging is its ability to measure distances in the nanometre range, relevant for structural changes in actomyosin cross-bridges.(More)
KEY POINTS Regulatory light chain (RLC) phosphorylation has been shown to alter the ability of muscle to produce force and power during shortening and to alter the rate of force redevelopment (ktr ) at submaximal [Ca(2+) ]. Increasing RLC phosphorylation ∼50% from the in vivo level in maximally [Ca(2+) ]-activated cardiac trabecula accelerates ktr .(More)
Myocardial remodeling in response to chronic myocardial infarction (CMI) progresses through two phases, hypertrophic "compensation" and congestive "decompensation." Nothing is known about the ability of uninfarcted myocardium to produce force, velocity, and power during these clinical phases, even though adaptation in these regions likely drives progression(More)
Skinned fibres have advantages for comparing the muscle properties of different animal species because they can be prepared from a needle biopsy taken under field conditions. However, it is not clear how well the contractile properties of skinned fibres reflect the properties of the muscle fibres in vivo. Here, we compare the mechanical performance of(More)
The contractile properties of muscle fibres have been extensively investigated by fast perturbation in sarcomere length to define the mechanical characteristics of myofilaments and myosin heads that underpin refined models of the acto-myosin cycle. Comparison of published data from intact fast-twitch fibres of frog muscle and demembranated fibres from fast(More)
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