Timothy Evans

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CONTEXT Hyperglycemia is common in critically ill patients, even in those without diabetes mellitus. Aggressive glycemic control may reduce mortality in this population. However, the relationship between mortality, the control of hyperglycemia, and the administration of exogenous insulin is unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine whether blood glucose level or(More)
Objective: To assess the incidence of acute renal failure (ARF) developing perioperatively in adult patients requiring cardiopulmonary bypass surgery (CPB) and to make comparisons with data from the same institution published earlier. Design: Prospective, observational. Setting: Tertiary referral centre for cardiopulmonary medicine. Patients and(More)
The use of total parenteral nutrition (TPN), in the critically ill, may be associated with the translocation of bacteria and their products from the lumen of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) to the systemic circulation. We report a study comparing the effects of TPN and enteral nutrition (EN) on GIT function. Twenty-four critically ill patients were(More)
Mechanical ventilation is indispensable in support of patients with respiratory failure who are critically ill. However, use of this technique has adverse effects, including increased risk of pneumonia, impaired cardiac performance, and difficulties associated with sedation and paralysis. Moreover, application of pressure to the lung, whether positive or(More)
Postpneumonectomy pulmonary oedema (PPO) develops in approximately 5% of patients undergoing pneumonectomy or lobectomy, and has a high associated mortality (>50%). In its extreme form, PPO follows a clinical and histopathological course indistinguishable from acute respiratory distress syndrome. Perioperative fluid overload, impaired lymphatic drainage(More)
1. Endotoxin induces nitric oxide synthase in vascular tissue, including rat main pulmonary artery. Currently available agents that cause inhibition of nitric oxide synthase are relatively non-selective between the constitutive and inducible forms of the enzyme. 2. Aminoguanidine caused a dose-dependent increase in phenylephrine-induced tension in intact(More)
The use of echocardiography in the critically ill presents specific challenges. However, information of direct relevance to clinical management can be obtained relating to abnormalities of structure and function and can be used to estimate pulmonary arterial and venous pressures. Investigation of the consequences of myocardial ischaemia, valvular(More)
Objective: To compare the effects of dopexamine and dopamine on the mucosal permeability of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT). Design: Prospective, randomised clinical trial. Setting: Intensive care unit of a postgraduate teaching hospital, London, England. Patients: Thirty patients undergoing elective surgery involving cardiopulmonary bypass, performed by a(More)