Timothy E. Morey

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BACKGROUND During the last decade, there has been a strong increase in the use of the mu-opioid receptor agonist fentanyl. The aim of these studies was to investigate the effects of fentanyl withdrawal on brain reward function and somatic withdrawal signs. METHODS Fentanyl and saline were chronically administered via minipumps. An intracranial(More)
Hippocampal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are thought to be involved in the regulation of memory formation and learning. Investigation of NMDAR function during experimental conditions known to be associated with impaired cognition in vivo may provide new insights into the role of NMDARs in learning and memory. Specifically, the mechanism whereby(More)
Adverse drug reactions, including severe patient bleeding, may occur following the administration of anticoagulant drugs. Bivalirudin is a synthetic anticoagulant drug sometimes employed as a substitute for heparin, a commonly used anticoagulant that can cause a condition called heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Although bivalrudin has the advantage(More)
BACKGROUND During right atrial stimulation, the anterior and posterior approaches provide inputs to the atrioventricular (AV) node. The purpose of the present study was to determine how activation proceeding from the left atrium reaches the AV node. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied AV nodal conduction during right and left atrial (coronary sinus)(More)
BACKGROUND The atrioventricular (AV) node is insensitive to changes in extracellular potassium concentration, [K+]o, because of the absence of the inward rectifier potassium current (IK1). However, we propose that in the presence of adenosine, elevated [K+]o should increase the adenosine-activated inward rectifier potassium current (IK,ADO) in AV nodal(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of studies evaluating neurocognition in humans who had procedures under anesthesia early in life found long-term deficits even though the typical anesthesia duration normalized to the human life span is much shorter than that shown to induce developmental abnormalities in rodents. Therefore, we studied whether subsequent(More)
BACKGROUND The nasal ala is an attractive site for pulse oximetry because of perfusion by branches of the external and internal carotid arteries. We evaluated the accuracy of a novel pulse oximetry sensor custom designed for the nasal ala. METHODS After IRB approval, healthy non-smoking subjects [n=12; aged 28 (23-41) yr; 6M/6F] breathed hypoxic mixtures(More)
The interaction of the important but often overdosed local anesthetic bupivacaine, its structural analogs 2,6-dimethylaniline, and N-methyl-2,6-dimethylacetanilide, and cocaine, with several electron deficient aromatic moieties were studied primarily by proton NMR and UV-visible spectroscopy. In solution, the anesthetic, its analogs and cocaine are electron(More)
We recently demonstrated that the short-acting analog of amiodarone, ATI-2001, caused favorable effects in guinea pig ventricular myocardium on electrophysiological substrates underlying tachyarrhythmia initiation, perpetuation, and termination. Here, the acute effects of 1.0 microM ATI-2001 and 1.0 microM amiodarone (90-min infusion followed by 90-min(More)
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