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We analysed the structure of the white locus of Drosophila melanogaster in a family of related white mutants. The white-one mutant has bleach white eyes, and a Doc transposable element is inserted into the promoter region of the white locus. The DNA sequence of this Doc insertion was determined, and showed it to be closely related to other Drosophila(More)
Flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) are NADPH-dependent flavoenzymes that catalyze the oxidation of heteroatom centers in numerous drugs and xenobiotics. FMO2, or "pulmonary" FMO, one of five forms of the enzyme identified in mammals, is expressed predominantly in lung and differs from other FMOs in that it can catalyze the N-oxidation of certain(More)
We have previously described the isolation and sequencing of cDNA clones encoding flavin-containing monooxygenases (FMOs) 1 and 4 of man [Dolphin, C., Shephard, E. A., Povey, S., Palmer, C. N. A., Ziegler, D. M., Ayesh, R., Smith, R. L. & Phillips, I. R. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 12379-12385; Dolphin, C., Shephard E. A., Povey, S., Smith, R. L. & Phillips,(More)
We report the isolation, by RT-PCR, of partial cDNAs encoding the rat peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) isoforms PPAR alpha, PPAR beta, and PPAR gamma and the rat retinoid X receptor (RXR) isoforms RXR alpha, RXR beta, and RXR gamma. These cDNAs were used to generate antisense RNA probes to permit analysis, by the highly sensitive and(More)
The metabolic capability for the complete oxidation of glucose, i.e. aerobic glycolysis, is highly developed in the brains of neurologically mature (precocial) species at birth, whereas this activity is severely limited in the brains of neurologically immature (non-precocial) species such as the rat and human. The latter utilize a mixture of glucose and(More)
This review outlines the molecular sensors that reprogram cellular metabolism in response to the ketogenic diet (KD). Special emphasis is placed on the fasting-, fatty acid- and drug-activated transcription factor, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARalpha). The KD causes a switch to ketogenesis that is coordinated with an array of changes(More)
The contractile cells in the heart (the cardiac myocytes) are terminally differentiated. In response to pathophysiological stresses, cardiac myocytes undergo hypertrophic growth or apoptosis, responses associated with the development of cardiac pathologies. There has been much effort expended in gaining an understanding of the stimuli which promote these(More)
We report the isolation of cDNA clones encoding the somatic form of the E1 alpha subunit of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex of rat. The deduced amino acid sequence has 99.5, 98, and 97% identity, respectively, with the orthologous proteins of mouse, human, and pig and 98.5% identity with a rat E1 alpha sequence reported previously. The cDNAs isolated in(More)
Activated peroxisome proliferator activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha) protects against the cellular inflammatory response, and is central to fatty acid-mediated upregulation of the gene encoding the key ketogenic enzyme mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase (mHS). We have previously demonstrated both PPAR alpha and mHS expression in brain,(More)
Endogenous oxidative stress is a likely cause of cardiac myocyte death in vivo. We examined the early (0-2 h) changes in the proteome of isolated cardiac myocytes from neonatal rats exposed to H2O2 (0.1 mM), focussing on proteins with apparent molecular masses of between 20 and 30 kDa. Proteins were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DGE),(More)