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OBJECTIVE Left atrial size is an important marker for adverse cardiovascular events. There is general consensus that left atrial volume index (LAVI) is the best measurement of size. The current LAVI measurement techniques are laborious. Semi-automated measurement with a 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) system may be a practical clinical alternative to(More)
Saline and indocyanine green dye were the first agents noted to produce a contrast effect when injected peripherally during M-mode echocardiographic imaging, although it was subsequently found that almost any type of injected solution would have this effect. These first-generation contrast agents were limited to opacification of right heart structures, and(More)
BACKGROUND We suspected, based on clinical experience, that the prevalence of both intracardiac and pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) is higher than previously reported in a healthy population when using modern ultrasound technology combined with a rigorous saline contrast echocardiogram (SCE) protocol. We hypothesized the prevalence of(More)
BACKGROUND Light chain amyloidosis (AL) is a rare but often fatal disease due to intractable heart failure. Amyloid deposition leads to diastolic dysfunction and often preserved ejection fraction. We hypothesize that AL is associated with regional systolic dyssynchrony. The aim is to compare left ventricular (LV) regional synchrony in AL subjects versus(More)
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is thought to be associated with cryptogenic stroke and migraine headache. Saline contrast echocardiography (SCE) is the gold standard for identifying the presence of right-to-left shunt, whether from PFO or pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM). The timing of left heart contrast entry during SCE is used to distinguish a PFO(More)
We reviewed cases of Providencia stuartii bacteremia at a large community teaching hospital during a 12-year period (1981 to 1992). None of the infections were hospital-acquired. Of the 49 patients, 47 (96%) came from a nursing home, and 45 (92%) had a long-term indwelling Foley catheter. The urinary tract was definitely proven to be the source of(More)
Fine strands associated with prosthetic heart valves have been demonstrated with transesophageal echocardiography, but the pathologic identity of these strands is unclear. A case of a man with a prosthetic aortic Medtronic-Hall valve with prominent valve strands and recurrent strokes is discussed. The patient underwent valve replacement surgery, and(More)
Only coronary artery disease and cancer kill more people than stroke in the United States. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) is a semi-invasive ultrasound cardiac imaging technique that provides superior anatomic detail as well as functional information. Searching for a cause of cerebral ischemia is the most common indication for TEE in cardiac(More)
Some centers in the United States continue to use (periodic) pulsed inotropic therapy in the management of severe congestive heart failure. Although there have been large, randomized, well-designed trials of oral inotropes in chronic heart failure, studies evaluating intravenous agents have been smaller and often of inferior design. Review of available(More)
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