Timothy D. Plante

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Sputtered iridium oxide films (SIROFs) deposited by DC reactive sputtering from an iridium metal target have been characterized in vitro for their potential as neural recording and stimulation electrodes. SIROFs were deposited over gold metallization on flexible multielectrode arrays fabricated on thin (15 microm) polyimide substrates. SIROF thickness and(More)
The effects of ionic conductivity and buffer concentration of electrolytes used for in vitro measurement of the charge-injection limits of activated iridium oxide (AIROF) neural stimulation electrodes have been investigated. Charge-injection limits of AIROF microelectrodes were measured in saline with a range of phosphate buffer concentrations from(More)
The use of potential biasing and biphasic, asymmetric current pulse waveforms to maximize the charge-injection capacity of activated iridium oxide (AIROF) microelectrodes used for neural stimulation is described. The waveforms retain overall zero net charge for the biphasic pulse, but employ an asymmetry in the current and pulse widths of each phase, with(More)
The extent to which oxygen reduction occurs on sputtered iridium oxide (SIROF) and platinum neural stimulation electrodes was quantified by cyclic voltammetry and voltage-transient measurements in oxygen-saturated physiological saline. Oxygen reduction was the dominant charge-admittance reaction on platinum electrodes during slow-sweep-rate cyclic(More)
The charge-injection limits of activated iridium oxide electrodes (AIROF) and PtIr microelectrodes with similar geometric area and shape have been compared in vitro using a stimulation waveform that delivers cathodal current pulses with current-limited control of the electrode bias potential in the interpulse period. Charge-injection limits were compared(More)
Penetrating microelectrode arrays with 2000 &#x03BC;m<sup>2</sup> sputtered iridium oxide (SIROF) electrode sites were implanted in cat cerebral cortex, and their long-term electrochemical performance evaluated in vivo by cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), and current pulsing. Measurements were made from days 33 to 328(More)
Sputtered iridium oxide (SIROF) is a candidate low-impedance coating for neural stimulation and recording electrodes. SIROF on planar substrates has exhibited a high charge-injection capacity and impedance suitable for indwelling cortical microelectrode applications. In the present work, the properties of SIROF electrode coatings deposited onto multi-shank(More)
The impedance, cyclic voltammetry, and charge-injection properties of rectangular, sputtered iridium oxide (SIROF) electrodes have been measured in buffered physiological saline over a range of geometric surface areas (GSA) and perimeter-to-area ratios (P/A). Electrodes with a higher P/A are expected to have a lower impedance and higher charge injection(More)
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