Timothy D Bohane

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INTRODUCTION Diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and differentiation between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) can be difficult in children. Several previous studies suggest that esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and biopsies are important in the initial investigation of children with suspected IBD. The aim of the present paper was(More)
BACKGROUND Poor bone acquisition and increased fracture risk are significant complications associated with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 8 weeks of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) therapy upon markers of bone turnover in children with newly diagnosed CD. METHODS Twenty-three children with newly diagnosed CD(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) appears increasingly prevalent in children and adolescents. Individuals with chronic illness may have patterns of greater usage. This questionnaire-based study aimed to ascertain the frequency of use by a group of children with proven inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to consider the(More)
An infant with acrodermatitis enteropathica was studied before and after starting zinc therapy. Clinical recovery was rapid, and the plasma zinc, serum and mucosal alkaline phosphatase activities returned to normal. Light microscopy of small intestinal biopsies showed normal mucosa. Electron microscopy of the Paneth cells initially revealed abnormal(More)
In 58 patients with transfusion dependent anemia, we compared cardiac function, as assessed by gated pooled cardiac scan at rest and during exercise stress, with liver iron concentrations (LIC) as determined by adequate biopsy samples. There was no relationship between LIC and cardiac function and deaths occurred in patients with LIC levels below those that(More)
OBJECTIVES Aspiration of gastric contents is a relatively common cause of acute and chronic pulmonary disease. However, a reliable method of diagnosing recurrent aspiration is currently lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of gastric pepsin in tracheal aspirates of infants and children might be used as a reliable marker of(More)
Intestinal lymphangiectasia is a well-recognized complication of the Fontan procedure, occurring in up to 24% of patients. Because of the loss of chylous fluid into the gut lumen, protein-losing enteropathy results as well as lymphopenia and hypogammaglobulinaemia. In some cases, dilated lymphatics in the intestinal serosa or mesentery also rupture, causing(More)
OBJECTIVES Refluxed gastric material aspirated into the lungs is an important cause of acute and chronic pulmonary disease. Currently, the presence of fat-laden macrophages (FLM) in tracheobronchial secretions of children is a conventional marker for reflux aspiration. However, this assay is limited by its apparent lack of specificity. The aim of this study(More)