Timothy D Bohane

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INTRODUCTION Diagnosis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and differentiation between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) can be difficult in children. Several previous studies suggest that esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) and biopsies are important in the initial investigation of children with suspected IBD. The aim of the present paper was(More)
BACKGROUND Poor bone acquisition and increased fracture risk are significant complications associated with Crohn's disease (CD). The aim of this study was to determine the effects of 8 weeks of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) therapy upon markers of bone turnover in children with newly diagnosed CD. METHODS Twenty-three children with newly diagnosed CD(More)
OBJECTIVES Aspiration of gastric contents is a relatively common cause of acute and chronic pulmonary disease. However, a reliable method of diagnosing recurrent aspiration is currently lacking. The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of gastric pepsin in tracheal aspirates of infants and children might be used as a reliable marker of(More)
In 58 patients with transfusion dependent anemia, we compared cardiac function, as assessed by gated pooled cardiac scan at rest and during exercise stress, with liver iron concentrations (LIC) as determined by adequate biopsy samples. There was no relationship between LIC and cardiac function and deaths occurred in patients with LIC levels below those that(More)
Children (227) undergoing endoscopy for upper gastrointestinal symptoms were investigated for the presence of Helicobacter pylori infection. The histological response to H. pylori infection and the presence of antral nodularity and peptic ulceration were noted. Symptomatic adults (258) undergoing endoscopy were also investigated for the presence of(More)
OBJECTIVES The use of complementary and alternative medicines (CAM) appears increasingly prevalent in children and adolescents. Individuals with chronic illness may have patterns of greater usage. This questionnaire-based study aimed to ascertain the frequency of use by a group of children with proven inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and to consider the(More)
A 6 year old boy presenting with a five month history of fever, lethargy, and anorexia, was found to have hepatitis B associated membranous glomerulonephropathy and nephrotic syndrome. After two months treatment with oral lamivudine, his proteinuria cleared and serum albumin and aminotransferases normalised, associated with disappearance of hepatitis B e(More)
BACKGROUND Measurement of thiopurine metabolite levels may be useful as a clinical tool to optimize thiopurine treatment of paediatric inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). AIM The authors evaluated correlations between 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN) and therapeutic response, metabolite levels and drug toxicity. METHODS Fifty-six paediatric IBD patients(More)
Intestinal lymphangiectasia is a well-recognized complication of the Fontan procedure, occurring in up to 24% of patients. Because of the loss of chylous fluid into the gut lumen, protein-losing enteropathy results as well as lymphopenia and hypogammaglobulinaemia. In some cases, dilated lymphatics in the intestinal serosa or mesentery also rupture, causing(More)