Timothy Curtis Hallstrom

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Multiple or pleiotropic drug resistance most often occurs in Saccharomyces cerevisiae due to substitution mutations within the Cys(6)-Zn(II) transcription factors Pdr1p and Pdr3p. These dominant transcriptional regulatory proteins cause elevated drug resistance and overexpression of the ATP-binding cassette transporter-encoding gene, PDR5. We have carried(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has large number of genes that can be genetically altered to produce a multiple or pleiotropic drug resistance phenotype. The homologous zinc finger transcription factors Pdr1p and Pdr3p both elevate resistance to many drugs, including cycloheximide. This elevation in cycloheximide tolerance only occurs in the presence of an intact(More)
The Rb/E2F pathway regulates the expression of genes essential for cell proliferation but that also trigger apoptosis. During normal proliferation, PI3K/Akt signaling blocks E2F1-induced apoptosis, thus serving to balance proliferation and death. We now identify a subset of E2F1 target genes that are specifically repressed by PI3K/Akt signaling, thus(More)
Semidominant mutations in the PDR1 or PDR3 gene lead to elevated resistance to cycloheximide and oligomycin. PDR1 and PDR3 have been demonstrated to encode zinc cluster transcription factors. Cycloheximide resistance mediated by PDR1 and PDR3 requires the presence of the PDR5 membrane transporter-encoding gene. However, PDR5 is not required for oligomycin(More)
Previous work has demonstrated a role for the E2F1 gene product in signaling apoptosis, both as a result of the deregulation of the Rb/E2F pathway as well as in response to DNA damage. We now show that the ability of cells to suppress the apoptotic potential of E2F1, as might occur during the course of normal cellular proliferation, requires the action of(More)
Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells that have lost their mitochondrial genome (rho(0)) strongly induce transcription of multidrug resistance genes, including the ATP-binding cassette transporter gene PDR5. PDR5 induction in rho(0) cells requires the presence of the zinc cluster transcription factor Pdr3p. The PDR3 gene is positively autoregulated in rho(0) cells(More)
The members of the E2F family of transcription factors are key regulators of genes involved in cell cycle progression, cell fate determination, DNA damage repair, and apoptosis. Many cell-based experiments suggest that E2F1 is a stronger inducer of apoptosis than the other E2Fs. Our previous work identified the E2F1 marked box and flanking region as(More)
The E2F family of transcription factors provides essential activities for coordinating the control of cellular proliferation and cell fate. Both E2F1 and E2F3 proteins have been shown to be particularly important for cell proliferation, whereas the E2F1 protein has the capacity to promote apoptosis. To explore the basis for this specificity of function, we(More)
Androgens and the androgen receptor are important for both normal prostate development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. The Polycomb protein enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) functions as an epigenetic gene silencer and plays a role in oncogenesis by promoting cell proliferation and(More)
Topoisomerase II (TOP2) targeting drugs like doxorubicin and etoposide are frontline chemotherapeutics for a wide variety of solid and hematological malignancies, including breast and ovarian adenocarcinomas, lung cancers, soft tissue sarcomas, leukemias and lymphomas. These agents cause a block in DNA replication leading to a pronounced DNA damage response(More)