Timothy C. Mueser

Learn More
Bacteriophage T4 RNase H is a 5' to 3' exonuclease that removes RNA primers from the lagging strand of the DNA replication fork and is a member of the RAD2 family of eukaryotic and prokaryotic replication and repair nucleases. The crystal structure of the full-length native form of T4 RNase H has been solved at 2.06 angstroms resolution in the presence of(More)
Integration of retroviral cDNA is a necessary step in viral replication. The virally encoded integrase protein and DNA sequences at the ends of the linear viral cDNA are required for this reaction. Previous studies revealed that truncated forms of Rous sarcoma virus integrase containing two of the three protein domains can carry out integration reactions in(More)
We have determined a 2.1 A crystal structure for human mitochondrial ClpP (hClpP), the proteolytic component of the ATP-dependent ClpXP protease. HClpP has a structure similar to that of the bacterial enzyme, with the proteolytic active sites sequestered within an aqueous chamber formed by face-to-face assembly of the two heptameric rings. The hydrophobic(More)
Bacteriophage T4 RNase H, a flap endonuclease-1 family nuclease, removes RNA primers from lagging strand fragments. It has both 5' nuclease and flap endonuclease activities. Our previous structure of native T4 RNase H (PDB code 1TFR) revealed an active site composed of highly conserved Asp residues and two bound hydrated magnesium ions. Here, we report the(More)
Initial crystallographic studies suggested that fully liganded mammalian hemoglobin can adopt only a single quaternary structure, the quaternary R structure. However, more recent crystallographic studies revealed the existence of a second quaternary structure for liganded hemoglobin, the quaternary R2 structure. Since these quaternary structures can be(More)
The U3 and U5 termini of linear retrovirus DNA contain imperfect inverted repeats that are necessary for the concerted insertion of the termini into the host chromosome by viral integrase. Avian myeloblastosis virus integrase can efficiently insert the termini of retrovirus-like DNA donor substrates (480 base pairs) by a concerted mechanism (full-site(More)
Cell membrane fusion by human (HIV) and simian (SIV) immunodeficiency viruses is mediated by the envelope glycoproteins gp120 and gp41. Although the precise mechanism of the fusion process is unknown, the ectodomain of gp41 is thought to undergo dramatic rearrangement from its prefusogenic state. To elucidate this process further, the crystal structure of(More)
The bacteriophage T4 gene 59 helicase assembly protein is required for recombination-dependent DNA replication, which is the predominant mode of DNA replication in the late stage of T4 infection. T4 gene 59 helicase assembly protein accelerates the loading of the T4 gene 41 helicase during DNA synthesis by the T4 replication system in vitro. T4 gene 59(More)
Alanyl-tRNA synthetase, a dimeric class 2 aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, activates glycine and serine at significant rates. An editing activity hydrolyzes Gly-tRNA(ala) and Ser-tRNA(ala) to ensure fidelity of aminoacylation. Analytical ultracentrifugation demonstrates that the enzyme is predominately a dimer in solution. ATP binding to full length enzyme(More)
Increasing the solubility of protein stock solutions to above that in a standard chromatography buffer (50 mM Tris-HCl pH 7.5, 100 mM NaCl) led to an increase in the number of crystallization conditions for ten globular proteins subjected to two crystal screens: the Index and Precipitant/Precipitant-Additive (P/PA) Screens. Solubility enhancement of protein(More)