Timothy C. McCloskey

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In preclinical studies, [R-(+)-alpha-(2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenyl)ethyl]-4- piperidinemethanol] [formula: see text] (MDL 100,907), a putative atypical antipsychotic, was characterized in vitro as a potent and selective ligand for the serotonin2A (5-HT2A) receptor and was evaluated in vitro and in vivo as a potent 5-HT2A receptor antagonist.(More)
(+/-)3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) releases dopamine and serotonin in vivo and stimulates locomotor activity. Previous work demonstrated that MDMA-stimulated dopamine release could be reduced by the selective 5-HT2A receptor antagonist [R-(+)-a- (2,3-dimethoxyphenyl)-1-[2-(4-fluorophenylethyl)]-4-piperidinem ethanol] (MDL 100,907). In the present(More)
Increasing evidence suggests an important role of 5-HT, and 5-HT2A receptors in particular, in the etiology and treatment of schizophrenia. The prepulse inhibition paradigm is used as a model for sensorimotor gating processes that are disrupted in schizophrenia. The present study used the selective serotonin2A (5-HT2A) antagonist and putative antipsychotic(More)
CRF(1) receptor antagonists have been proposed as novel pharmacological treatments for depression, anxiety and stress disorders. The primary goal of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the CRF(1) receptor antagonist, CP 154,526, in the separation-induced vocalization (SIV) model of anxiety. Nine- to 11-day-old rat pups were separated from their(More)
Increasing evidence suggests an important role for serotonin (5-HT) neurons in the etiology and treatment of schizophrenia. The prepulse inhibition paradigm is used as a model for sensorimotor gating processes that are disrupted in schizophrenia. The present study assessed the general role of 5-HT in modulating auditory and visual prepulse inhibition in(More)
The substituted amphetamines 4-chloroamphetamine (PCA), 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) and fenfluramine (FEN) share the common neurochemical action of acutely releasing central serotonin (5-HT), and yet their behavioral effects are quite different. The present study evaluated the effects of these compounds on acoustic and tactile startle reflexes.(More)
Glycine receptor antagonists have been proposed to have multiple therapeutic applications, including the treatment of stroke, epilepsy, and anxiety. The present study compared the biochemical and behavioral profiles of two strychnine-insensitive glycine receptor antagonists, MDL 100,458 (3-(benzoylmethylamino)-6-chloro-1H-indole-2- carboxylic acid) and MDL(More)
Pre-weaning rat pups emit ultrasonic vocalizations when removed from the litter. These 'separation-induced vocalizations' (SIV) are suppressed by classical benzodiazepine anxiolytics and by non-benzodiazepine anxiolytics which lack muscle relaxant and sedative properties. The present study used the SIV model to assess potential anxiolytic properties of(More)
Buspirone has been introduced as a novel non-benzodiazepine anti-anxiety agent. The Conditioned Suppression of Drinking (CSD) paradigm is an "animal model" for anxiety which provides information on both the relative potency and relative efficacy of anti-conflict agents. The present study compared the anti-conflict effects of buspirone to those of more(More)
The present studies were designed to evaluate the effects of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists and traditional anxiolytics (phenobarbital and diazepam), alone and in combination, on behavior in the Conditioned Suppressioned of Drinking (CSD) conflict paradigm, an "animal model" for the study of anxiety and antianxiety agents. In daily 10-minute sessions,(More)