Timothy Brian Bentley

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One of the major limitations in studying the mechanisms of blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) or screening therapeutics for protection is the lack of suitable laboratory model systems that can closely mimic the complex blast exposure. Although animal models of bTBI that use shock tubes to mimic blast exposure are available, no high throughput shock(More)
This study investigated the effect of temperature on the oxygen diffusion coefficient (DO2) of hamster retractor muscle from 11 to 37 degrees C. DO2 was measured using a non-steady-state technique, whereas muscle O2 consumption (VO2) was estimated after steady state was reached. DO2 was 0.84 +/- 0.04 x 10(-5) cm2/s at 11 degrees C and rose exponentially to(More)
Blastogenic and cytotoxic responsiveness of peripheral blood leukocytes from the green turtle, Chelonia mydas were examined. Blastogenic responses were low level and showed considerable variation between animals. Blastogenesis in response to phytohemagglutinin and concanavalin A was observed through out all seasons. Responses to pokeweed mitogen and(More)
Endotoxins (lipopolysaccharides; LPS) are known to cause multiple organ failure, including renal dysfunction. The present report elucidates LPS distribution and effect on renal proximal tubules in an attempt to gain a better understanding of the cellular mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of renal dysfunction in endotoxemia and sepsis. Rats were(More)
A significant number of casualties in previous conflicts died from peripheral vascular wounds. A well-designed tourniquet could possibly have prevented these deaths. The objective of this study was the identification of such a tourniquet. A survey of Special Operations corpsmen established important characteristics necessary in an ideal tourniquet. Because(More)
The determination of O(2) consumption by using arteriovenous O(2) content differences is dependent on accurate oxyhemoglobin saturation measurements. Because swine are a common experimental species, we describe the validation of CO-oximeter for porcine-specific oxyhemoglobin saturation. After developing a nonlinear mathematical model of the porcine(More)
A mathematical analysis by Popel et al. [Am. J. Physiol. 256 (Heart Circ. Physiol. 25): H921-H924, 1989] of in vivo data on arteriolar O2 loss suggested that Krogh's diffusion coefficient (KO2 = alpha x DO2, where DO2 is the O2 diffusion coefficient and alpha is the tissue O2 solubility) in vivo could be an order of magnitude larger than that calculated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine which intraosseous (IO) devices were easy to learn to use, easy to use once the skill was obtained, and appropriate for the Special Operations environment. METHODS Thirty-one Navy SEAL corpsmen, Air Force pararescuemen, Army Special Forces, and Ranger medics, in a prospective, randomly assigned, cross-over study, tested four(More)
Hypotensive resuscitation (Hypo) has been considered an alternate resuscitation strategy in clinical settings that prevent the application of standard Advanced Trauma Life Support care. However, validation of this approach when used for prolonged periods of time remains to be demonstrated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate prolonged Hypo as an(More)
BACKGROUND To determine the role of nitric oxide and adenosine triphosphate-sensitive potassium (KATP) vascular channels in vascular decompensation during controlled hemorrhagic shock in swine. METHODS Thirty instrumented, anesthetized adolescent Yorkshire swine were subjected to controlled isobaric hemorrhage to a mean arterial pressure of 40 mmHg for 2(More)