Timothy B Muller

Learn More
The US Environmental Protection Agency recently set a new maximum contaminant level (MCL) for arsenic in drinking water of 10 μg/l. In this paper, we review the completeness and accuracy of drinking water arsenic occurrence data in the United States and identify populations exposed to elevated arsenic concentrations that would be suitable for(More)
BACKGROUND A cryptosporidiosis epidemic occurred among residents and visitors to Collingwood, Ontario, during March 1996. Fifty-five per cent of 36 confirmed cases were Collingwood visitors and 57% of Collingwood resident cases were under 10 years of age. The low level of reported diarrhoeal illness among adult Collingwood residents caused government(More)
To estimate the duration of Cryptosporidium-specific antibody, a Western blot assay measured antibody in paired sera from 124 residents of Jackson County, Oregon collected 0.5 and 2.5 years after the end of an outbreak in Talent, Jackson County. The outcome measure was the intensity of antibody responses, (which may approximate to a titre), to 27-kDa and(More)
Background. Discovering an intracranial aneurysm may profoundly affect the patient’s quality of life. Patients living with unruptured and untreated aneurysms often report symptoms of anxiety and depression. There are few trials studying the quality of life after treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms. We aimed to compare the quality of life and(More)
Cryptosporidium oocysts are commonly detected in surface-derived drinking water. However, the public health significance of these findings is unclear. This study compared serological responses to two Cryptosporidium antigen groups for blood donors and college students using chlorinated and filtered river water vs. ground-water sources. The surface water(More)
In April 1997, a large city in the northeastern United States changed their drinking water treatment practices. The city, which previously provided only chlorination for their surface water sources added filtration in addition to chlorination. To assess whether Cryptosporidium infections rates declined following filtration, we tested serological responses(More)
PURPOSE Sera from 1356 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III participants from seven primary sampling units were tested for serological responses to two Cryptosporidium antigen groups. Intensity of responses was compared by geographic area, age, sex, race/ethnicity, income, and hepatitis A seropositivity. METHODS Cryptosporidium(More)
PURPOSE Assess the relative frequency of Cryptosporidium infections and risk factors for infection in Cherepovets, Russia. METHODS In June 1999, data on demographic, socioeconomic, hygienic characteristics, and recent gastrointestinal illness were collected on 50 community-recruited adults and 50 blood donors. The community group then maintained daily(More)
Serological responses to Cryptosporidium-specific antigens (15/17 and 27 kDa) were compared among populations in four areas of the Czech Republic that use drinking water from clearly defined sources: (1) wells in a fractured sandstone aquifer, (2) riverbank infiltration, or (3) two different filtered and chlorinated surface waters. Among persons surveyed in(More)