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BACKGROUND Intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements obtained with five commercially available portable tonometers (Keeler Pulsair 2000, Tomey Pro-Ton, Tono-Pen XL, Perkins, and Shiotz) were compared to IOPs measured with a Goldmann tonometer in order to predict whether instrument accuracy justified substitution of a portable instrument for the Goldmann in(More)
The U.S. Air Force and U.S. Navy recently adopted the MCU-2/P Chemical-Biological Mask to replace the M17 series of protective masks. Visual field plots were generated on a patient wearing each of these respirators. Although both resulted in a decrease of the visual fields, the magnitude of restrictions was far less with the MCU-2/P Chemical-Biological Mask.
Public perception is that nursing home residents receive less than adequate health care. To confirm or refute this view we provided routine optometric services to 47 residents in a nursing home who had ready access to primary medical care. Average refractive error, intraocular pressure, visual acuity, and the prevalence of ocular disease were analyzed.(More)
PURPOSE Residents of nursing homes do not have the same access to health care as do other elderly persons. Some sources have indicated that only 20% of nursing home residents in the United States ever receive eye care services in the nursing home. We sought to determine the availability of eye care services in Missouri nursing homes. METHOD A survey was(More)
Residents of nursing homes do not have the same access to health care as do others. A retrospective study of the records of optometric examinations at three nursing homes with demographics presumably similar to those of most nursing homes in the United States was performed in order to determine the prevalence of vision anomalies in this population and to(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to use contrast sensitivity measurements to determine the effect of windshield salt film on driver vision. This effect simulates road salt spray that dries in place on a vehicle windshield during winter driving conditions. METHODS Ten emmetropic subjects were tested to assess contrast sensitivity functions(More)
All people attempting to enlist in the U.S. Army must undergo a physical examination that requires a rudimentary vision screening. Those who pass the physical, upon reporting to basic training, are again evaluated and any treatment necessary to allow the recruits to function during their initial indoctrination is provided. Those who fail to see 20/20 O.D.(More)
In September 2012, Pacific Angel (PACANGEL)--Nepal 2012 was conducted in Kaski District, Nepal. Health services were provided in optometry, family medicine, pediatrics, physical therapy, midwifery, dentistry, and pharmacy. This report is on optometric care provided. 995 patients were examined. Mean age was 41.34 (median 43). Mean entering distance visual(More)
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) certification requirements for optometric licensure were obtained from 49 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico. It was found that 17 percent of the states required CPR certification for optometric licensure while 11 percent required certification to maintain licensure. For initial Diagnostic Pharmaceutical(More)