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Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) is a pleiotrophic cytokine with immunomodulatory effects on a variety of immune cells. Mice with a targeted disruption of the IFN-gamma gene were generated. These mice developed normally and were healthy in the absence of pathogens. However, mice deficient in IFN-gamma had impaired production of macrophage antimicrobial products(More)
We have produced 13 strains of transgenic mice that carry an otherwise normal mouse myc gene in which increasingly larger portions of the myc promoter region have been replaced by a hormonally inducible mouse mammary tumor virus promoter. Although expression of the fusion genes varies among these animals, the female founders of two of these transgenic(More)
Hormonal control of metabolic rate can be important in regulating the imbalance between energy intake and expenditure that underlies the development of obesity. In mice fed a high-fat diet, human fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19) increased metabolic rate [1.53 +/- 0.06 liters O(2)/h.kg(0.75) (vehicle) vs. 1.93 +/- 0.05 liters O(2)/h.kg(0.75) (FGF19); P <(More)
The secretion of insulin is controlled by the rate of glucose metabolism in the pancreatic beta cells. As phosphorylation by glucokinase (GLK) appears to be the rate-limiting step for glucose catabolism in beta cells, this enzyme may be the glucose sensor. To test this possibility and to resolve the relative roles of liver and beta cell GLK in maintaining(More)
We purified peptidyl-dipeptidase (converting enzyme, EC to homogeneity from the membrane fraction of human lung and for comparison, from human and hog kidney. The membrane-bound lung enzyme was purified 1800-fold with 19% yield, and the kidney enzyme 640-fold with 10% yield. The specific activities with Bz-Gly-His-Leu were 81 mumol/min/mg for the(More)
We have created an insertional mutation that leads to a severe defect in the pattern of limb formation in the developing mouse. The novel recessive mutation is phenotypically identical and non-complementary to two previously encountered limb deformity mutations, and is closely linked to a dominant mutation that gives rise to a related limb dysmorphism. The(More)
We have created a transgenic mouse strain in which an autosomal transgene bearing elements of the RSV LTR and a translocated c-myc gene obeys very unusual rules. If the transgene is inherited from the male parent, it is expressed in the heart and no other tissue. If it is inherited from the female parent, it is not expressed at all. This pattern of(More)
We have constructed a transgenic mouse strain in which a mammary tumor virus LTR/c-myc fusion gene is anomalously expressed in a wide variety of tissues. The deregulated c-myc transgene, now glucocorticoid inducible, contributes to an increased incidence of a variety of tumors, including those of testicular, breast, lymphocytic (B cell and T cell), and mast(More)
Indirect evidence suggests that type-I interferons (IFN-alpha/beta) play a significant role in the pathogenesis of lupus. To directly examine the contribution of these pleiotropic molecules, we created congenic NZB mice lacking the alpha-chain of IFN-alpha/betaR, the common receptor for the multiple IFN-alpha/beta species. Compared with littermate controls,(More)
The fibroblast growth factors (FGFs), and the corresponding receptors, are implicated in more than just the regulation of epithelial cell proliferation and differentiation. Specifically, FGF23 is a regulator of serum inorganic phosphate levels, and mice deficient in FGF receptor-4 have altered cholesterol metabolism. The recently described FGF19 is unusual(More)