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BACKGROUND Migraine headaches have been linked to compression, irritation, or entrapment of peripheral nerves in the head and neck at muscular, fascial, and vascular sites. The frontal region is a trigger for many patients' symptoms, and the possibility for compression of the supratrochlear nerve by the corrugator muscle has been indirectly implied. To(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical release of the greater occipital nerve has been demonstrated to be clinically effective in eliminating or reducing chronic migraine symptoms. However, migraine symptoms in some patients continue after this procedure. It was theorized that a different relationship between the greater occipital nerve and occipital artery may exist in these(More)
BACKGROUND Musculofascial and vascular entrapments of peripheral branches of the trigeminal nerve have been thought to be trigger points for migraine headaches. Surgical decompression of these sites has led to complete resolution in some patients. The zygomaticotemporal branch of the trigeminal nerve has been shown clinically to have sites of entrapment(More)
BACKGROUND Capsular contracture is one of the most common and trying complications associated with the placement of breast prostheses. The authors hypothesized that silicone implants have a higher rate of capsular contracture than saline implants when used for cosmetic, nonreconstructive breast augmentation. This was based on several previous studies and(More)
Most abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are asymptomatic, not detectable on physical examination, and silent until discovered during radiologic testing for other reasons. Tobacco use, hypertension, a family history of AAA, and male sex are clinical risk factors for the development of an aneurysm. Ultrasound, the preferred method of screening, is(More)
BACKGROUND Soft-tissue defects of the distal lower extremity and foot present significant challenges to the reconstructive surgeon. The reverse superficial sural artery flap (RSSAF) is a popular option for many of these difficult wounds. Our initial experience with this flap at multiple institutions resulted in a 50% failure rate, mostly because of critical(More)
BACKGROUND The senior author's (H.S.B.) endoscopic brow and midface lift technique has a series of periorbital suture points. This study evaluated the efficacy of endoscopic treatment of the difficult lower eyelid and identifies the preoperative predictive patterns for additional suture placement and ancillary procedures within this population. METHODS(More)
Hand injuries are important causes of impairment in the United States. They are one of the top causes for days lost from work and they impose a great economic burden on the country. In less affluent regions of the world, the impact of hand injuries on the population is even more dire, rendering the affected to life-long disability. When one considers that(More)
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