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Twenty-seven veteran subjects with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were evaluated for dissociative disorders. Ten subjects met criteria for one or more dissociative disorders, and 17 subjects did not meet dissociative disorder criteria. Neurocognitive profiles of the two groups differed in several areas, with veterans meeting diagnostic(More)
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) holds promise as a probe into the pathophysiology and possible treatment of neuropsychiatric disorders. To explore its regional effects, we combined rTMS with positron emission tomography (PET). Fourteen healthy volunteers participated in a baseline 18-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET scan. During a second FDG(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS The objective was to determine whether low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) improves tinnitus by decreasing neural activity in auditory processing regions of the temporal cortex and the utility of positron emission tomography (PET) for targeting treatment. STUDY DESIGN Randomized, sham-controlled(More)
Implementation of evidence-based treatments (EBT) is necessary to address posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in Operation Enduring Freedom/Operation Iraqi Freedom (OEF/OIF) military service personnel. Because virtual reality (VR) offers a promising tool for delivery of one type of EBT--exposure therapy--this study explored veterans' perceptions of VR as(More)
The authors aim to delineate cognitive dysfunction associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) by evaluating a well-defined cohort of former World War II prisoners of war (POWs) with documented trauma and minimal comorbidities. The authors studied a cross-sectional assessment of neuropsychological performance in former POWs with PTSD, PTSD with(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has been shown to alleviate tinnitus perception, presumably by inhibiting cortical activity associated with tinnitus. We conducted a pilot study to assess effectiveness of neuronavigated rTMS and its effects on attentional deficits and cortical asymmetry in four patients(More)
A 48-year-old combat veteran sustained a right frontal cerebral infarct at the age of 45 years. The patient's family reports that prior to the infarct he had a preoccupation with memories of combat, as well as nightmares, avoidance of reminders, and multiple arousal symptoms. Since his recovery from the infarct, the patient and his family continue to relate(More)
BACKGROUND: Most methods of sham, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) fail to replicate the look, sound, and feel of active stimulation in the absence of a significant magnetic field. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To develop and validate a new method of sham rTMS appropriate for a double-blind, placebo-controlled study with subject crossover.(More)
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS Correlate subjective improvements in tinnitus severity with restoration of cortical symmetry and sustained attention after neuronavigated low-frequency, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). STUDY DESIGN Case study. METHODS Positron emission tomography and computed tomography imaging (PET-CT) guided rTMS was(More)
This systematic review analyzed data from studies examining memory and cognitive function in subjects with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), compared with subjects exposed to trauma (but without PTSD). Based on analysis of 21 articles published in English from 1968 to 2009, the conclusion is that individuals with PTSD, particularly veterans, show signs(More)