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Mucin-type linkages (GalNAcalpha1-O-Ser/Thr) are initiated by a family of glycosyltransferases known as the UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGaNTases, EC 2.4.1.41). These enzymes transfer GalNAc from the sugar donor UDP-GalNAc to serine and threonine residues, forming an alpha anomeric linkage. Despite the seeming(More)
The family of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGalNAcTs) is unique among glycosyltransferases, containing both catalytic and lectin domains that we have previously shown to be closely associated. Here we describe the x-ray crystal structures of human ppGalNAcT-2 (hT2) bound to the product UDP at 2.75 A resolution and to UDP(More)
Glycosylation of proteins is an essential process in all eukaryotes and a great diversity in types of protein glycosylation exists in animals, plants and microorganisms. Mucin-type O-glycosylation, consisting of glycans attached via O-linked N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) to serine and threonine residues, is one of the most abundant forms of protein(More)
Inhibitors of glycosylation provide a tool for studying the biology of glycoconjugates. One class of inhibitors consists of glycosides that block glycoconjugate synthesis by acting as primers of free oligosaccharide chains. A typical primer contains one sugar linked to a hydrophobic aglycone. In this report, we describe a way to use disaccharides as(More)
Familial tumoral calcinosis is characterized by ectopic calcifications and hyperphosphatemia. The disease is caused by inactivating mutations in fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), Klotho (KL), and uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3). In vitro studies indicate that GALNT3(More)
UDP-glucose:glycoprotein glucose-1-phosphotransferase (Glc-phosphotransferase) catalyzes the transfer of Glc-1-P from UDP-Glc to mannose residues on acceptor glycoproteins. The predominant acceptor in vertebrates and Paramecium tetraurelia is a cytoplasmic 62-kDa glycoprotein. To determine if the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae also possesses(More)
The advanced energetic particle spectrometer RAPID on board Cluster can provide a complete description of the relevant particle parameters velocity, V , and atomic mass, A, over an energy range from 30 keV up to 1.5 MeV. We present the first measurements taken by RAPID during the commissioning and the early operating phases. The orbit on 14 January 2001,(More)
UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGaNTases) initiate the formation of mucin-type, O-linked glycans by catalyzing the transfer of alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to Ser or Thr residues of core proteins to form the Tn antigen (GalNAc-alpha-1-O-Ser/Thr). ppGaNTases are unique among glycosyltransferases in containing(More)
Genome-wide association studies have identified GALNT2 as a candidate gene in lipid metabolism, but it is not known how the encoded enzyme ppGalNAc-T2, which contributes to the initiation of mucin-type O-linked glycosylation, mediates this effect. In two probands with elevated plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduced triglycerides, we(More)
We have reported that 3-estradiol-beta-D-xyloside primes heparan sulfate synthesis in Chinese hamster ovary cells and that the proportion of heparan sulfate made rises with increasing concentration of xyloside (Lugemwa, F.N. and Esko, J.D. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 6674-6677). Using estradiol as a guide, we varied the structure of the aglycone and showed(More)