Timothy A Fritz

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Glycosylation of proteins is an essential process in all eukaryotes and a great diversity in types of protein glycosylation exists in animals, plants and microorganisms. Mucin-type O-glycosylation, consisting of glycans attached via O-linked N-acetylgalactosamine (GalNAc) to serine and threonine residues, is one of the most abundant forms of protein(More)
Mucin-type linkages (GalNAcalpha1-O-Ser/Thr) are initiated by a family of glycosyltransferases known as the UDP-N-acetylgalactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGaNTases, EC 2.4.1.41). These enzymes transfer GalNAc from the sugar donor UDP-GalNAc to serine and threonine residues, forming an alpha anomeric linkage. Despite the seeming(More)
The family of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGalNAcTs) is unique among glycosyltransferases, containing both catalytic and lectin domains that we have previously shown to be closely associated. Here we describe the x-ray crystal structures of human ppGalNAcT-2 (hT2) bound to the product UDP at 2.75 A resolution and to UDP(More)
UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-Acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGalNAcTs), a family (EC 2.4.1.41) of enzymes that initiate mucin-type O-glycosylation, are structurally composed of a catalytic domain and a lectin domain. Previous studies have suggested that the lectin domain modulates the glycosylation of glycopeptide substrates and may underlie the(More)
A large family of UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGalNAc Ts) catalyzes the first step of mucin-type protein O-glycosylation by transferring GalNAc to serine and threonine residues of acceptor polypeptides. The acceptor peptide substrate specificity and specific protein targets of the individual ppGalNAc T family members(More)
UDP-GalNAc:polypeptide alpha-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferases (ppGaNTases) initiate the formation of mucin-type, O-linked glycans by catalyzing the transfer of alpha-N-acetylgalactosamine from UDP-GalNAc to Ser or Thr residues of core proteins to form the Tn antigen (GalNAc-alpha-1-O-Ser/Thr). ppGaNTases are unique among glycosyltransferases in containing(More)
Genome-wide association studies have identified GALNT2 as a candidate gene in lipid metabolism, but it is not known how the encoded enzyme ppGalNAc-T2, which contributes to the initiation of mucin-type O-linked glycosylation, mediates this effect. In two probands with elevated plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and reduced triglycerides, we(More)
We have reported that 3-estradiol-beta-D-xyloside primes heparan sulfate synthesis in Chinese hamster ovary cells and that the proportion of heparan sulfate made rises with increasing concentration of xyloside (Lugemwa, F.N. and Esko, J.D. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 6674-6677). Using estradiol as a guide, we varied the structure of the aglycone and showed(More)
Familial tumoral calcinosis is characterized by ectopic calcifications and hyperphosphatemia. The disease is caused by inactivating mutations in fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), Klotho (KL), and uridine diphosphate-N-acetyl-alpha-D-galactosamine:polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 3 (GALNT3). In vitro studies indicate that GALNT3(More)
We report that two N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases catalyze the biosynthesis of heparan sulfate in Chinese hamster ovary cells. The first enzyme initiates heparan sulfate biosynthesis and can be measured by the transfer of GlcNAc from UDP-GlcNAc to GlcUA beta 1-3Gal beta 1-O-naphthalenemethanol. The second enzyme catalyzes the polymerization of heparan(More)