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The present study examined the nature of verbal memory deficits in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) compared to healthy controls. The study was designed to control for methodological shortcomings of previous related research. Three groups of participants were used: (a) a head injured sample with moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The present study examined the patterns of memory and cognitive performance associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). METHODS A battery of standardized neuropsychological tests was administered to individuals with these disorders as well as to a group of cognitively intact controls. The battery included(More)
Previous research investigating whether combat-related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is associated with impaired neuropsychological functioning has yielded inconsistent findings. The present study addressed many methodological limitations of previous research. Neuropsychological measures of intellectual ability, learning, memory, attention,(More)
The present study examined the performance of 114 individuals (62 males, 52 females) on a variety of tests purported to measure executive abilities. Participants were diagnosed with possible or probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), subcortical ischemic vascular dementia (SVaD), or were normal controls (NoDx). Groups were matched for age and education, and(More)
The Key Behaviors Change Inventory (KBCI) was developed to assess executive, behavioral, and emotional functioning following brain insults and to track the course of recovery. The purpose of this study was to investigate, in an elderly memory disorder clinic sample, the convergent and discriminant validity of the KBCI by examining the relationships between(More)
The cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme (COX-2) is of particular importance in the inflammatory response and recent findings have demonstrated a considerable role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathogenesis. In order to assess the possible putative role of a COX-2 polymorphism (765G/C) in AD, we examined its distribution in 161 community-based controls and 168 AD(More)
Cholinesterase inhibitor (ChEI) medications (ie, donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine) have been useful in slowing the progression of the mild to moderate stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Findings supporting this have largely relied on a global error score from the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale and have not described the nature of the memory(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the relationships between antisocial personality disorder and executive abilities as well as antisocial personality disorder with other domains of cognitive functioning. BACKGROUND Previous research has suggested that antisocial personality disorder is associated with impaired executive functioning. However, methodological limitations(More)
This study provides population-based normative data for healthy, community-dwelling American elderly on the Spot-the-Word test (STW). The effects of age, education, and gender on STW performance are also investigated. Given previously limited normative data for the elderly, the current norms expand the clinical utility of STW as an estimate of premorbid(More)
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