Timocy C Wong

Learn More
The matrix (M) genes of Yamagata-1 strain subacute sclerosing panencephalitis virus passaged in African green monkey kidney cells and human neuroblastoma cells displayed strikingly nonrandom sequence divergence. The genes of both substrains shared a large number of uridine (U) to cytidine (C) transitions, but the latter contained numerous additional U to C(More)
We identified an acute measles virus (Nagahata strain) closely related to a defective virus (Biken strain) isolated from a patient with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). The proteins of Nagahata strain measles virus are antigenically and electrophoretically similar to the proteins of Edmonston strain measles virus. However, the nucleotide sequence(More)
We have identified the major cellular endoprotease that activates the fusion (F) glycoprotein of measles virus (MV) and have engineered a serine protease inhibitor (serpin) to target the endoprotease and inhibit the production of infectious MV. The F-protein precursor of MV was not cleaved efficiently into the mature F protein in human colon carcinoma cells(More)
Complement regulatory protein CD46 is a human cell receptor for measles virus (MV). In this study, we investigated why mouse macrophages expressing human CD46 restricted MV replication and produced higher levels of nitric oxide (NO) in response to MV and gamma interferon (IFN-gamma). Treatment of MV-infected CD46-expressing mouse macrophages with antibodies(More)
CD46 is a transmembrane complement regulatory protein widely expressed on nucleated human cells. Laboratory-adapted strains of measles virus (MV) bind to the extracellular domains of CD46 to enter human cells. The cytoplasmic portion of CD46 consists of a common juxtamembrane region and different distal sequences called Cyt1 and Cyt2. The biological(More)
Sequence analysis of full-length cDNA clones of the measles virus matrix gene revealed three possible open reading frames: M, X1, and X2. The M reading frame differed from the reported sequence by a single nucleotide corresponding to a conservative lysine to arginine amino acid substitution near the carboxy-terminus conserved among the M proteins of(More)
We compared the intracellular processing of the fusion (F) glycoproteins of an acute measles virus (MV) Nagahata strain and its relative Biken strain that caused subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE). Nagahata strain synthesizes a precursor F0 which acquires three asparagine (N)-linked oligosaccharide chains sequentially in 1 h. One oligosaccharide(More)
The 3'-terminal 55 nucleotides of the negative-strand measles virus RNA genome called the leader sequence is not transcribed into a detectable distinct RNA product. Most of the monocistronic N and bicistronic N-P RNAs lack the leader sequence. However, a subpopulation of the N and N-P RNAs and all of the antigenomes possess this leader. Here, we show that(More)
Monkey cells persistently infected by measles virus (MV) Biken strain (Biken-CV-1 cells) showed no cytopathic effects and lacked surface expression of a homolog of human cell receptor, membrane cofactor protein CD46. Transfection of a human CD46 gene into these cells induced extensive cell fusion, indicating that down regulation of the endogenous CD46(More)
The morphology and development of four members of the reticuloendotheliosis virus group were studied by transmission electron microscopy. Virions of duck spleen necrosis virus, duck infectious anemia virus, chicken syncytial virus, and reticuloendotheliosis virus strain T are sperical with a diameter of approximately 110 nm. They are covered with surface(More)