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Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays an active role in the metabolism of dopamine (DA) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Because of low levels of dopamine transporter (DAT), it is proposed that the majority of released DA is taken up by either norepinephrine transporter (NET) and subsequently metabolized by monoamine oxidize (MAO) or by uptake(2) (to(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (EC 3.4.21.26, PREP) is a serine protease that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides shorter than 30-mer but it has also nonhydrolytic functions. PREP has been shown to accelerate aggregation of wild-type α-synuclein (α-syn) under cell-free conditions, and PREP inhibitors can block this aggregation both in vitro and in vivo. α-syn is(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The aggregation of α-synuclein is connected to the pathology of Parkinson's disease and prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) accelerates the aggregation of α-synuclein in vitro. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a PREP inhibitor, KYP-2047, on α-synuclein aggregation in cell lines overexpressing wild-type or A30P/A53T(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endoprotease that hydrolyses peptides shorter than 30-mer. POP may have a role in inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) signaling and in the actions of antidepressants, and POP inhibitors have exhibited antiamnesic and neuroprotective properties. However, little is known about the distribution of POP protein in the(More)
Forty-one children and young adults aged 4 to 25 years (mean 14.5 +/- 6.9, SD) with normal eyes were examined with three different contrast sensitivity tests: the Vistech distance and near test, the Cambridge Low Contrast Gratings test, and the LH-5 Contrast test. In different age groups, the youngest children aged 4 to 9 years had the lowest result values.(More)
Neurotrophic factors regulate the development and maintenance of the nervous system and protect and repair dopaminergic neurons in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Vascular endothelial growth factors A (VEGF-A) and B have also neurotrophic effects on various types of neurons, including dopaminergic neurons. We examined the ability of the key(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides shorter than 30-mer. It has been suggested that POP is associated with cognitive functions and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) signaling. However, little is known about the distribution and physiological role of POP in the brain. We used(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase that hydrolyses proline-containing peptides shorter than 30 amino acids. POP may be associated with cognitive functions, possibly via the cleavage of neuropeptides. Recent studies have also suggested novel non-hydrolytic and non-catalytic functions for POP. Moreover, POP has also been proposed as a(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase which hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides shorter than 30 amino acids. It has been suggested that POP is associated with cognitive functions, possibly via the cleavage of neuropeptides such as substance P (SP). Recently, several studies have also linked POP to the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3))(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE A serine protease, prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) has been reported to be involved in the release of the pro-angiogenic tetrapeptide acetyl-N-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (Ac-SDKP) from its precursor, 43-mer thymosin β4 (Tβ4). Recently, it was shown that both POP activity and the levels of Ac-SDKP are increased in malignant tumours. The aim of this(More)