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Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) plays an active role in the metabolism of dopamine (DA) in the prefrontal cortex (PFC). Because of low levels of dopamine transporter (DAT), it is proposed that the majority of released DA is taken up by either norepinephrine transporter (NET) and subsequently metabolized by monoamine oxidize (MAO) or by uptake(2) (to(More)
Neurotrophic factors regulate the development and maintenance of the nervous system and protect and repair dopaminergic neurons in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Vascular endothelial growth factors A (VEGF-A) and B have also neurotrophic effects on various types of neurons, including dopaminergic neurons. We examined the ability of the key(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides shorter than 30-mer. It has been suggested that POP is associated with cognitive functions and inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) signaling. However, little is known about the distribution and physiological role of POP in the brain. We used(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase which hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides shorter than 30 amino acids. It has been suggested that POP is associated with cognitive functions, possibly via the cleavage of neuropeptides such as substance P (SP). Recently, several studies have also linked POP to the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3))(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (EC 3.4.21.26, PREP) is a serine protease that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides shorter than 30-mer but it has also nonhydrolytic functions. PREP has been shown to accelerate aggregation of wild-type α-synuclein (α-syn) under cell-free conditions, and PREP inhibitors can block this aggregation both in vitro and in vivo. α-syn is(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endoprotease that hydrolyses peptides shorter than 30-mer. POP may have a role in inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) signaling and in the actions of antidepressants, and POP inhibitors have exhibited antiamnesic and neuroprotective properties. However, little is known about the distribution of POP protein in the(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP), is an 80-kDa serine protease that hydrolyzes peptides smaller than 30-mer at the carboxyl side of an internal proline-residue. POP is commonly believed to cleave a number of neuropeptides claimed to be involved in learning, memory and mood. While the support to the neuropeptide cleavage theory has been declining, new data(More)
The misfolding and aggregation of α-synuclein (aSyn) eventually lead to an accumulation of toxic forms that disturb normal neuronal function and result in cell death. aSyn rich inclusions are seen in Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies and other synucleinopathies. Prolyl oligopeptidase (PREP) can accelerate the aggregation process of aSyn and the(More)
Forty-one children and young adults aged 4 to 25 years (mean 14.5 +/- 6.9, SD) with normal eyes were examined with three different contrast sensitivity tests: the Vistech distance and near test, the Cambridge Low Contrast Gratings test, and the LH-5 Contrast test. In different age groups, the youngest children aged 4 to 9 years had the lowest result values.(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase (POP) is a serine endopeptidase which hydrolyses proline-containing peptides shorter than 30-mer. POP is believed to be associated with cognitive functions via neuropeptide cleavage. POP has been also connected to the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate (IP(3)) signalling but the effects of POP-inhibition to the IP(3) accumulation in vivo are(More)