Timo Sakari Koivisto

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This prospective study was conducted to compare the outcomes of surgical clipping and endovascular treatment in acute (<72 hours) aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). METHODS One hundred nine consecutive patients were randomly assigned to either surgical (n=57) or endovascular (n=52) treatment. Clinical and neuropsychological(More)
BACKGROUND The M1As are located in the main trunk (M1) of the MCA, between the bifurcation of the ICA and the main bifurcation of M1. Proximal MCA aneurysms are often small and thin-walled, which makes their proper clipping tedious. There are few reports on their microsurgery. METHODS This review, and the whole series on intracranial aneurysms, is mainly(More)
BACKGROUND Of the MCA aneurysms, those located at the main bifurcation of the MCA (MbifA) are by far the most frequent. The purpose of this article is to review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of complications in the microsurgical dissection and clipping of MbifAs. METHODS This review, and the whole series on intracranial(More)
BACKGROUND Aneurysms originating from the proximal segment of anterior cerebral artery (A1As) are rare, forming less than 1% of all IAs. There are only few reports on microneurosurgical management of A1As. In this article, the authors review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of complications in the microsurgical dissection and(More)
Stroke is the world's third leading cause of death. One cause of stroke, intracranial aneurysm, affects approximately 2% of the population and accounts for 500,000 hemorrhagic strokes annually in mid-life (median age 50), most often resulting in death or severe neurological impairment. The pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysm is unknown, and because(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of our anatomic study was to assess whether the commonly used method of perfusion through the right axillary artery is sufficient in providing uniform distribution of blood to both hemispheres of the brain in patients undergoing surgery of the aortic arch. We considered that critical arteries to examine are anterior and left posterior(More)
BACKGROUND Anterior communicating artery complex is the most frequent site of intracranial aneurysms in most reported series. Anterior communicating artery aneurysms are the most complex aneurysms of the anterior circulation due to the angioarchitecture and flow dynamics of the ACoA region, frequent anatomical variations, deep interhemispheric location, and(More)
BACKGROUND The pathophysiological mechanisms of impaired perfusion during acute subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) are incompletely understood. Cerebral perfusion at the micro vascular level can be assessed by single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). We used a SPECT approach with 99mTc-ECD to measure the cerebral perfusion heterogeneity and(More)
INTRODUCTION Subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) may damage the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal gland (HPA) axis and disturb cortisol metabolism. There are no available data that relates to the response of the HPA axis in the acute phase of SAH. We aimed to characterise the behavior of serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), total cortisol, stimulated total(More)
BACKGROUND Aneurysms originating from the A2 segment of ACA and its frontobasal branches are rare, forming less than 1% of all IAs. There are only few reports on management of A2As. In this article, we review the practical anatomy, preoperative planning, and avoidance of complications in the microsurgical dissection and clipping of A2As. METHODS This(More)