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Nephrin is a signalling cell-cell adhesion protein of the Ig superfamily and the first identified component of the slit diaphragm that forms the critical and ultimate part of the glomerular ultrafiltration barrier. The extracellular domains of the nephrin molecules form a network of homophilic and heterophilic interactions building the structural scaffold(More)
BACKGROUND Nephrin is a recently discovered protein of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily. In the kidney, it is located at the slit diaphragm, which forms the decisive size-selective filter of glomerular ultrafiltration barrier and locates between the interdigitating foot processes of podocytes. Nephrin is mutated in congenital nephrosis of the Finnish(More)
The primary structure of human macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO) was determined from cDNA clones and shown to be highly similar to that of mouse (Elomaa, O., Kangas, M., Sahlberg, C. , Tuukkanen, J., Sormunen, R., Liakka, A., Thesleff, I., Kraal, G., and Tryggvason, K. (1995) Cell 80, 603-609). Features such as potential carbohydrate(More)
Although focal adhesion kinase (FAK) is elevated in epithelial cancers, it is not known whether FAK expression influences tumor development in vivo. We found that fak +/- heterozygous mice display reduced 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced papilloma formation that correlates with reduced FAK protein expression in the skin. However, the frequency of(More)
The scavenger receptors expressed by macrophages are thought to play an important role in the immune response against bacteria by mediating binding and phagocytosis. A novel member of the class A scavenger receptor family, macrophage receptor with collagenous structure (MARCO), has recently been identified. In this study we have generated a panel of mAbs(More)
The nephrin gene (NPHS1) is mutated in congenital nephrotic syndrome of the Finnish type. Most mutations found in non-Finnish patients are missense mutations. The most common consequence of missense mutations in congenital nephrotic syndrome is a defect in intracellular transport and retention of the mutant proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER),(More)
The macrophage scavenger receptor macrophage receptor with a collagenous structure (MARCO) is expressed in mice by the marginal zone macrophages of the spleen and by macrophages of the medullary cords of lymph nodes, as well as the peritoneal macrophages. MARCO is a relative of scavenger receptor A (SR-A), the more widely expressed prototypic member of the(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) avidly bind and ingest inhaled environmental particles and bacteria. To identify the particle binding receptor(s) on human AMs, we used functional screening of anti-human AM hybridomas and isolated a mAb, PLK-1, which inhibits AM binding of unopsonized particles (e.g., TiO2, latex beads; 63 +/- 5 and 67 +/- 4% inhibition,(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AM) in the lung have been documented to play pivotal roles in inflammation and fibrosis (silicosis) following inhalation of crystalline silica (CSiO(2)). In contrast, exposure to either titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) or amorphous silica (ASiO(2)) is considered relatively benign. The scavenger receptor macrophage receptor with collagenous(More)
Two papers, one in Nature (Jones et al., 2006) and the other in the Journal of Clinical Investigation (Verma et al., 2006) show that Nck adaptor proteins connect phosphorylated nephrin with actin polymerization in podocyte foot processes, structures important for slit-diaphragm formation in the kidney. Their results further our understanding of podocyte(More)