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Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to be involved in the maintenance of striatal dopaminergic neurons. To study whether reduced levels of endogenous GDNF affect the striatal dopaminergic transmission we estimated the basal extracellular levels of dopamine in vivo, the basal expression of FosB-related proteins in striatal brain(More)
The interaction of dopamine (DA) precursor L-dopa and catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitor, entacapone, was examined in rats using conditioned place preference (CPP) paradigm to assess reinforcement, and by measuring DA metabolism in the striatum and the limbic forebrain. Neither L-dopa (100 mg/kg i.p.) nor entacapone (30 mg/kg i.p.) alone induced(More)
The role of dopamine in opioid reward is unresolved. Furthermore, the issue is somewhat unclear regarding cocaine and the place preference paradigm. In the present study we investigated whether the drugs activating dopamine autoreceptors affect cocaine- and morphine-induced place preference in rats. Neither the dopamine D2/D3 receptor agonist, quinpirole(More)
The effects of acute morphine on the release of dopamine (DA) in the striatum and limbic forebrain of rats upon 48 h withdrawal from 20-day morphine treatment were studied using 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT) in tissue as an index of DA release. Homovanillic acid (HVA) and 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) were also measured. The chronic morphine treatment(More)
The effect of intrastriatally-administered morphine on striatal dopamine (DA) release was studied in freely moving rats. Morphine (1, 10 or 100 microM) was given into the striatum by reversed microdialysis, and concentrations of DA and its metabolites 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) were simultaneously measured from the(More)
Cerebral dopaminergic mechanisms were studied in the nucleus accumbens and caudate-putamen of alcohol-preferring AA (Alko Alcohol) and alcohol-avoiding ANA (Alko Non-Alcohol) rats after 4-day repeated morphine treatment. This treatment has been shown to enhance the locomotor activity stimulating effect of morphine in the AA but not in the ANA rats. Morphine(More)
The alcohol-preferring AA (Alko Alcohol) rats are more rapidly sensitized to the locomotor activity-stimulating effects of small doses of morphine than the alcohol-avoiding ANA (Alko Non-Alcohol) rats. To study the involvement of dopaminergic and serotonergic transmission in this behaviour, the effects of acute morphine (1 mg/kg) challenge on the(More)
The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of mu 1-opioid receptors in morphine reward. Therefore, we studied the ability of a mu 1-selective antagonist, naloxonazine [15 mg/kg intraperitoneally (IP)], to antagonize the conditioned place preference (CPP) induced by morphine [3 mg/kg subcutaneously (SC)]. In addition, effects of naloxonazine on(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) regulates striatal dopaminergic neurons. To study whether reduced endogenous GDNF affect morphine's effects on striatal dopamine transmission, we estimated extracellular concentrations of dopamine and its metabolites by microdialysis in vivo and tissue concentrations post mortem in mice lacking one GDNF(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) has been shown to be involved in the maintenance of striatal dopaminergic neurons. Neurotrophic factors are crucial for the plasticity of central nervous system and may be involved in long-term responses to drug exposure. To study the effects of reduced GDNF on dopaminergic behaviour related to addiction,(More)