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The etiology of strabismus has long been observed to have a genetic component. Recent advances in genetic methodology may provide insight into the genetic basis for several types of inherited strabismus, including those associated with genetic multisystem disorders such as Moebius syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome, craniofacial dysostoses, and mitochondrial(More)
PURPOSE We seek to identify genetic loci that contribute to age-related maculopathy susceptibility. METHODS Families consisting of at least two siblings affected by age-related maculopathy were ascertained using eye care records and fundus photographs. Additional family members were used to increase the power to detect linkage. Microsatellite genotyping(More)
Age-related maculopathy (ARM), or age-related macular degeneration, is one of the most common causes of visual impairment in the elderly population of developed nations. In a combined analysis of two previous genomewide scans that included 391 families, containing up to 452 affected sib pairs, we found linkage evidence in four regions: 1q31, 9p13, 10q26,(More)
Age-related macular degeneration or age-related maculopathy (ARM) is a major public health issue, as it is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss in the elderly in the Western world. Using three diagnostic models, we have genotyped markers in 16 plausible candidate regions and have carried out a genome-wide screen for ARM susceptibility loci. A panel(More)
Nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO) is a relatively common clinical problem. Debate continues about optimal management. Intervening early and intervening late each have advantages and disadvantages. We reviewed the world literature on NLDO. We assembled information on occurrence, natural history, and results of treatment. Spontaneous remission data were(More)
A severe granulomatous iridocyclitis developed in association with a cavitary pulmonary lesion in a 29-year-old man. The initial diagnosis and treatment was for pulmonary tuberculosis with tuberculous uveitis. Although the pulmonary lesion improved with antituberculous therapy, the condition of the eye deteriorated. An anterior-chamber tap was positive for(More)
Angioid streaks were observed in two patients with abetalipoproteinemia. The progression of the angioid streaks was minimal over the years that these patients received vitamin A and E supplementation, though in one patient the development of subretinal neovascular membranes within the angioid streaks was the cause of rapid central visual loss. The(More)
In a child with a hypothalamic glioma, elevated intracranial pressure and retrograde optic tract atrophy produced distinctive patterns of papilledema and disc pallor in each eye. On the side of the tract lesion, the disc was swollen nasally and was pale temporally. In the contralateral fundus, the swollen optic disc was bisected horizontally by a pale(More)
We evaluated the management of infantile esotropia-constant, alternating esotropia before 6 months of age-in 34 children. Planned one-state surgery for satisfactory mechanical alignment was highly predicatable (79 to 84%), and was obtained at any age. Stable bifoveal motor fusion was also obtained but was more frequent with alignment before 2 years of age.(More)