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Epidemiological studies have revealed an increased risk of cancer, notably soft-tissue sarcomas and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, in people occupationally exposed to chlorophenoxy herbicides, including those contaminated by 2, 3, 7, 8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). We report here a historical cohort study of mortality in an international register of 18,910(More)
INTRODUCTION An industrial hygiene database has been constructed for the exposure assessment in a study of cancer risk among asphalt workers. AIM To create models of bitumen and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) exposure intensity among paving workers. METHODS Individual exposure measurements from pavers (N = 1581) were collected from 8 countries.(More)
The authors studied noncancer mortality among phenoxyacid herbicide and chlorophenol production workers and sprayers included in an international study comprising 36 cohorts from 12 countries followed from 1939 to 1992. Exposure to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin or higher chlorinated dioxins (TCDD/HCD) was discerned from job records and company(More)
The aim of this study was to estimate occupational exposure to inhalable wood dust by country, industry, the level of exposure and type of wood dust in 25 member states of the European Union (EU-25) for the purposes of hazard control, exposure surveillance and assessment of health risks. National labour force statistics, a country questionnaire (in 15(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To assess the strength of the associations between neighbourhood characteristics and mortality, after adjusting for individual characteristics. DESIGN AND SETTING 1990 census records of over 25 year old men in the Helsinki Metropolitan area linked to death records in 1991-1995; almost 1.22 million person years and 15 000 deaths. Individual(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate cancer mortality in pulp and paper industry workers exposed to chlorinated organic compounds. We assembled a multinational cohort of workers employed between 1920 and 1996 in 11 countries. Exposure to both volatile and nonvolatile organochlorine compounds was estimated at the department level using an exposure(More)
Preface Over five years ago the 49 th World Health Assembly (WHA) at its plenary meeting on 25 May 1996 in Geneva endorsed the WHO Global Strategy on Occupational Health for All. The strategy has been prepared and to a large extent is being implemented by the WHO global network of Collaborating Centres in Occupational Health. However, even now it is rather(More)
Based on the idea that electric light at night might account for a portion of the high and rising risk of breast cancer worldwide, it was predicted long ago that women working a non-day shift would be at higher risk compared with day-working women. This hypothesis has been extended more recently to prostate cancer. On the basis of limited human evidence and(More)
AIMS To evaluate the association between psychosocial workplace factors and dementia in a case-control study. METHODS Patients with dementia (aged 55-99 years) were recruited from 23 general practices in the city of Frankfurt-on-Main and surrounding area in 1998-2000. Of these, 108 were suffering from possible Alzheimer's disease, 59 from possible(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE Studies have shown that living in more deprived neighbourhoods is related to higher mortality rates, independent of individual socioeconomic characteristics. One approach that contributes to understanding the processes underlying this association is to examine whether the relation is modified by the country context. In this study, the size(More)